司法部起訴“千人計畫”學者哈佛化學系前主任稅務欺詐

Department of Justice

司法部

Office of Public Affairs

公共事務辦公室

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Tuesday, July 28, 2020

2020年7月28日 立即發佈

 Harvard University Professor Charged with Tax Offenses

哈佛大學教授被控逃稅

Dr. Charles Lieber was previously indicted on charges of making false statements to federal authorities regarding his participation in China’s Thousand Talents Program

參與中國千人計畫的查理斯·利伯(Charles Lieber)博士因涉嫌之前向聯邦政府做出虛假陳述而遭起訴

The former Chair of Harvard University’s Chemistry and Chemical Biology Department was charged today in a superseding indictment with tax offenses for failing to report income he received from Wuhan University of Technology (WUT) in Wuhan, China.

哈佛大學化學與化學生物學系前主任今天因涉嫌瞞報從中國武漢理工大學(WUT)獲得的收入,而被追加起訴書指控逃稅。

Dr. Charles Lieber, 61, was indicted by a federal grand jury in Boston on two counts of making and subscribing a false income tax return and two counts of failing to file reports of foreign bank and financial accounts (FBAR) with the Internal Revenue Service (IRS).  In June 2020, Lieber was indicted on two counts of making false statements to federal authorities.  Lieber was arrested on Jan. 28, 2020.

現年61歲的查理斯·利伯博士,被波士頓聯邦大陪審團起訴,罪名是兩例製作和簽署虛假所得稅申報表,以及兩例未向國家稅務局(IRS)提交外國銀行和金融帳戶報告(FBAR)。2020年6月,利伯因向聯邦當局作兩項虛假陳述罪名而遭起訴,並於2020年1月28日被捕。

The superseding indictment alleges that Lieber served as the Principal Investigator of the Lieber Research Group at Harvard University, which received more than $15 million in federal research grants between 2008 and 2019. Unbeknownst to his employer, Harvard University, Lieber allegedly became a “Strategic Scientist” at WUT and, later, a contractual participant in China’s Thousand Talents Plan from at least 2012 through 2015.  China’s Thousand Talents Plan is one of the most prominent Chinese talent recruitment plans designed to attract, recruit and cultivate high-level scientific talent in furtherance of China’s scientific development, economic prosperity and national security.

追加起訴書指稱,利伯擔任哈佛大學利伯研究小組的首席調查員,在2008年至2019年獲得了超過1500萬美元的聯邦研究經費。據指,在其雇主哈佛大學不知情的情況下,利伯成為武漢理工 大學的“戰略科學家”,後來至少在2012年至2015年期間,作為了中國“千人計畫”的簽約者。而“千人計畫”是中國最突出的人才招聘計畫之一,旨在吸引、收買和培養高層次科技人才,以促進中國科學發展、經濟繁榮和國家安全。

Under the terms of Lieber’s three-year Thousand Talents contract, WUT allegedly paid Lieber a salary of up to $50,000 per month, living expenses of up to $150,000 and awarded him more than $1.5 million to establish a research lab at WUT.  It is alleged that in 2018 and 2019, Lieber lied to federal authorities about his involvement in the Thousand Talents Plan and his affiliation with WUT.

根據利伯三年的“千人計畫”簽約條款,據指,武漢理工大學向利伯支付高達5萬美元的月薪,高達15萬美元的生活費,並因他為武漢理工建立研究實驗室而獎勵他150多萬美元。據指,在2018和2019年,利伯向聯邦當局謊報他參與了“千人計畫”,以及其與武漢理工大學的關係。

According to the superseding indictment, in tax years 2013 and 2014, Lieber earned income from WUT in the form of salary and other payments made to him pursuant to the Strategic Scientist and Thousand Talents Contracts, which he did not disclose to the IRS on his federal income tax returns.  The superseding indictment also alleges that Lieber, together with WUT officials, opened a bank account at a Chinese bank during a trip to Wuhan in 2012.   Thereafter, between at least 2013 and 2015, WUT periodically deposited portions of Lieber’s salary into that account. U.S. taxpayers are required to report the existence of any foreign bank account that holds more than $10,000 at any time during a given year by the filing an FBAR with the IRS.  Lieber allegedly failed to file FBARs for the years 2014 and 2015.

根據追加起訴書,在2013和2014納稅年度,利伯根據“戰略科學家”和“千人計畫”,以工資和其他支付形式,從武漢理工大學獲得的收入未向國稅局的聯邦所得稅申報表進行披露。追加起訴書還指控,利伯在2012年前往武漢期間,與武漢理工大學的官員的陪同下,在一家中國的銀行開設了戶頭。此後,至少在2013年至2015年期間,武漢理工大學定期將利伯的部分工資存入該帳戶。美國納稅人必須向國稅局提交外國銀行和金融帳戶報告(FBAR),即在給定年份內不論何時,報告任何持有超過1萬美元的外國銀行帳戶。據指,利伯在2014年和2015年沒有提交外國銀行和金融帳戶報告(FBAR)。

The charge of making false statements provides for a sentence of up to five years in prison, three years of supervised release and a fine of $250,000.  The charge of making and subscribing false income tax returns provides for a sentence of up to three years in prison, one year of supervised release and a $100,000 fine.  The charge of failing to file an FBAR provides for a sentence of up to five years in prison, three years of supervised release and a fine of $250,000.  Sentences are imposed by a federal district court judge based upon the U.S. Sentencing Guidelines and other statutory factors.

對作虛假陳述的指控,可判處最高5年監禁、3年監外看管和25萬美元的罰款。對製作和簽署虛假所得稅申報表的指控規定,最高可判處3年監禁、1年監外看管和10萬美元罰款。被控未提交外國銀行和金融帳戶報告的可判處最高5年監禁、3年監外看管和25萬美元的罰款。判決由聯邦地區法院法官根據《美國量刑準則》和其他法定因素作出。

Assistant Attorney General for National Security John C. Demers; U.S. Attorney Andrew E. Lelling;  Joseph R. Bonavolonta, Special Agent in Charge of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, Boston Field Division; Leigh-Alistair Barzey, Special Agent in Charge of the Defense Criminal Investigative Service, Northeast Field Office; Philip Coyne, Special Agent in Charge of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Office of Inspector General; and Kristina O’Connell, Special Agent in Charge of the Internal Revenue Service’s Criminal Investigations in Boston made this announcement.  Assistant U.S. Attorney Jason Casey of Lelling’s National Security Unit is prosecuting this case with the assistance of Trial Attorney David Aaron of the National Security Division’s Counterintelligence and Export Control Section.

負責國家安全事務的助理司法部長約翰·德邁爾斯,美國律師安德魯·萊林,聯邦調查局波士頓外勤司特工約瑟夫·R·博納沃隆塔,東北外勤辦事處國防刑事調查處特工利·阿利斯泰爾·巴澤,監察長辦公室美國衛生與公眾服務部特工菲力浦·科恩,以及波士頓國稅局刑事調查特工克莉絲蒂娜·奧康奈爾宣佈了此公告。萊林國家安全性群組的美國助理檢察官傑森·凱西在國家安全司反間諜和出口管制科審判律師大衛·亞倫的協助下起訴此案。

The details contained in the charging documents are allegations. The defendant is presumed innocent unless and until proven guilty beyond a reasonable doubt in a court of law.

起訴檔中所含細節內容為指控。除非在法庭上毫無疑義的確定其有罪,否則被告推定無罪。

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