《2021年美國創新與競爭法案》涉及中共國部分(3)

俄羅斯莫斯科喀秋莎農場 仰望七星

編輯上傳 水星

newsweek.com

D部分——國土安全和政府事務委員會條例

保護我們的網絡和供應鏈

網絡攻擊仍然是對我們國家安全最重大的威脅之一——正如最近對殖民地輸油管道公司的攻擊所表明的那樣,它們可能對美國人造成真實的不良後果,無論攻擊來自中共國和俄羅斯政府等對手,還是犯罪組織,這些條例都加強了聯邦政府的作用和資源,以便更好地準備和應對重大網絡事件,包括要求定期進行國家風險評估,建立網絡應對和恢復基金,這一部分還包括阻止購買由中共國政府支持的公司生產和銷售的無人機的條款,禁止社交媒體應用程序抖音(TikTok)下載到政府設備上,以更好地保護美國人的隱私和安全。

對美國工人和製造商的再承諾

美國納稅人的錢應該用來購買美國製造的產品和材料,支持美國工人和提高美國競爭力。這些規定使“購買美國貨”的要求符合現代,以解決長期以來使用中共國或俄羅斯製造的鋼材和其他產品削弱美國製造商和美國工人的做法。它們還通過創建一個中央公開網站,提高了豁免購買非美國貨要求的透明度。本節還包括一項規定,通過鼓勵國內生產更多的個人防護裝備,解決我們過度依賴中共國和其他國家的公司提供醫療用品所造成的嚴重國家安全風險。

保護開創性研究

包括中共國在內的敵對外國政府繼續對美國的科研企業構成威脅,並通過各種手段利用科研安全漏洞,讓不良行為者竊取美國的科研、技術和知識產權,這項規定將使聯邦政府確保納稅人資助的研究不被外國競爭對手盜用,以此提高美國的競爭力。

對人工智能(技術)作為聯邦應用的投入

這項規定將有助於利用美國的價值觀、創新精神和企業家精神來推進這項技術,從而鎖定美國在快速發展的人工智能領域相對於中共國政府的競爭優勢。這項規定建立的新夥伴關係將使聯邦政府能夠利用商業突破來提高效率,更好地為美國人民服務,並加強美國的經濟競爭力和國家安全。

為我們的聯邦工作人員提供新的技能和機會

美國面臨著來自中共國和俄羅斯等外國行為者日益複雜的網絡威脅,我們需要一支擁有應對這些威脅的知識、技能和能力的聯邦勞動力,這些條款將通過投資於聯邦勞動力的未來,來增強美國的競爭力——制定計劃,增加聯邦在網絡安全方面的專業知識和機構間協調,以及為聯邦工作人員提供學習新技能的機會,以更好地滿足新興和關鍵任務的勞動力需求,並保持在全球舞台上的競爭力。
(未完待續)

文字整理:

Division D – Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee Provisions

Securing our Networks and Supply Chains

Cyber-attacks remain one of the most significant threats to our national security – and they can have real-world consequences for Americans, as the recent attack on the Colonial Pipeline showed. Whether an attack is coming from adversaries like the Chinese and Russian governments, or criminal organizations, these provisions strengthen the federal government’s roles and resources to better prepare for and respond to significant cyber incidents, including requiring regular National Risk Assessments and the creation of a Cyber Response and Recovery Fund. This section also includes provisions to block the purchase of drones manufactured and sold by companies backed by the Chinese government, and prohibits the social media app TikTok from being downloaded to government devices to better safeguard the privacy and security of Americans.

Recommitting to American Workers and Manufacturers

American taxpayer dollars should be used to buy American-made manufactured products and

materials, which supports American workers and advances American competitiveness. These provisions modernize Buy American requirements to address the longstanding practice of using Chinese- or Russian-made steel and other products that undercuts American manufacturers and American workers. They also increase transparency when waivers are granted to Buy American requirements by creating a central publicly available website. This section also includes a provision to address the serious national security risk posed by our overreliance on companies in China and other countries for medical supplies by encouraging greater domestic production of personal protective equipment.

Safeguarding Groundbreaking Research

Adversarial foreign governments, including China, continue to pose a threat to the U.S. research enterprise and have used various means to exploit gaps in research security that allow bad actors to steal American research, technology and intellectual property. This provision will boost American competitiveness by ensuring the federal government is securing taxpayer-funded research from misappropriation by foreign competitors.

Investing in Responsible Federal Use of Artificial Intelligence

This provision will help lock in America’s competitive advantage over the Chinese government in the rapidly evolving field of artificial intelligence by leveraging American values, innovation and entrepreneurialism to advance this technology. The new partnerships created by this provision would allow the federal government to harness commercial breakthroughs to improve efficiency, better serve the American people and strengthen American economic competitiveness and national security.

Providing New Skills and Opportunities for Our Federal Workforce

The United States faces increasingly sophisticated cyber threats from foreign actors such as China and Russia, and we need a federal workforce that possesses the knowledge, skills, and competencies to counter those threats. These provisions would strengthen American competitiveness by investing in the future of the federal workforce – establishing programs to grow federal expertise and interagency coordination on cybersecurity, as well as offering opportunities to reskill federal workers to better meet emerging and mission-critical workforce needs and stay competitive on the global stage.

原文鏈接:

https://www.democrats.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/USICA%20Summary%205.18.21.pdf

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