《2021年美國創新與競爭法案》涉及中共國部分(1)

俄羅斯莫斯科喀秋莎農場 仰望七星

編輯上傳 水星

newsable.asianetnews.com

2021年美國創新與競爭法案

目錄
A部分——芯片和開放結構模式(ORAN)5G緊急撥款
B部分——無止境前沿法
C部分——2021年戰略競爭法
D分部——國土安全和政府事務委員會條例
E分部——迎接2021年中共挑戰法
F部分——其他事項
第一篇——教育和醫學研究的競爭力和安全性
第二篇——司法條例委員會
第三篇——其他

A部分——芯片和開放結構模式(ORAN)5G緊急撥款
……

《利用戰略聯合(USA,Utilizing Strategic Allied)電信法》摘要

在中共國政府的大力補貼下,華為有望成為5G領先的運營及設備提供商,對美國經濟和國家安全產生了深遠影響。像華為這樣的與中國共產黨關係密切的中共國有科技公司,給我們的國家安全和全球信息網絡的完整性帶來了不可接受的風險。

幾年來,國會一直在評估如何支撐全球電信設備供應鏈,以及限制華為在全球的參與範圍。這些努力說明了當前的競爭條件如何有利於華為,此外,由於擔心缺乏可行的、負擔得起的替代品,美國說服外國合作夥伴禁止華為進入其網絡的努力陷入停滯。如果不對基於西方的替代產品的開發進行重大投資,華為將成為全球最便宜、最快、最普遍的5G提供商。

追加撥款:

《利用戰略聯合(USA)電信法》於2021財年頒布,它在5G競爭中促進了美國的創新,並投資於中共國設備供應商華為(Huawei)和中興通訊(ZTE)基於西方的替代產品。

《利用戰略聯合電信法》發揮了美國的優勢,利用美國的軟件優勢,加快開發開放結構模式(稱為OpenRAN),允許替代供應商進入特定網絡組件的市場,而不必與華為進行端到端的競爭。開放結構模式不僅得到了美國運營商的支持,它還得到了各種規模的美國設備供應商以及一系列非傳統供應商和技術公司的支持,為了進一步支持《利用戰略聯盟電信法》的實施,參議員華納(Warner)和盧比奧(Rubio)正在提出一項修正案,將提供15億美元的緊急補充撥款,以實施《利用戰略聯合電信法》,其中包括:

為公共無線(設備)供應鏈創新基金提供15億美元,以推動向開放式架構、基於軟件的無線技術的發展,為美國移動寬帶市場的創新性“飛躍”技術提供資金,該基金將由國家電信和信息管理局(NTIA,National Telecommunications and Information Administration)管理,由國家標準與技術研究院(NIST,National Institute of Standards and Technology)、國土安全部(DHS,Department of Homeland Security)以及情報預研預測活動(局)(IARPA,Intelligence Advanced Research Projects Activity)等機構提供投入。

美國國際技術安全與創新基金的5億美元芯片也將通過該基金對國際信息和通信技術安全和半導體供應鏈活動的支持,支持《利用戰略聯合電信法》授權的活動,包括支持開發和採用安全可靠的電信技術、半導體和其他新興技術。
(未完待續)

文字整理:

The United States Innovation and Competition Act of 2021

Division-by-division summary

Table of Contents

Division A –CHIPS and ORAN 5G Emergency Appropriations ……………..2

Division B – Endless Frontier Act ……………………………………………………………4

Division C – Strategic Competition Act of 2021. ………………………………….8

Division D – Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee Provisions…………………………………………………………………………………………………..9

Division E – Meeting the China Challenge Act of 2021…………………………..10

Division F – Other Matters .. ……………………………………………………………………11

Title I – Competitiveness and Security for Education and Medical Research……………………………………………………………………………………………………12

Title II – Committee on the Judiciary Provisions……………………………………13

Title III – Miscellaneous…………………………………………………………………………..14

……

The Utilizing Strategic Allied (USA) Telecommunications Act Summary

Heavily subsidized by the Chinese government, Huawei is poised to become the leading commercial provider of 5G, with far-reaching effects for U.S. economic and national security.

With close ties to the Communist Party of China, Chinese state-directed technology companies

like Huawei present unacceptable risks to our national security and to the integrity of global

information networks.

For several years, Congress has been evaluating how to shore up the global telecommunications

supply chain and limit the scope of Huawei’s involvement globally. These efforts have illustrated how current terms of competition favor Huawei. Further, U.S. efforts to convince foreign partners to ban Huawei from their networks have stalled amid concerns about a lack of viable, affordable alternatives. Without significant investment in the development of Western-based alternatives, Huawei stands poised to become the cheapest, fastest, most ubiquitous global provider of 5G.

Supplemental Appropriations:

The Utilizing Strategic Allied (USA) Telecommunications Act was enacted in the FY2021 NDAA. It fosters U.S. innovation in the race for 5G and invests in Western-based alternatives to Chinese equipment providers Huawei and ZTE.

The USA Telecom Act plays to American strengths by capitalizing on U.S. software advantages, accelerating development of an open-architecture model (known as OpenRAN) that would allow for alternative vendors to enter the market for specific network components, rather than having to compete with Huawei end-to-end. OpenRAN not only has the support of US carriers, it has the support of US vendors of all sizes, along with a range of non-traditional vendors and technology firms. In order to further support the implementation, Senators Warner and Rubio are proposing an amendment which would provide $1.5 billion in emergency supplemental appropriations to implement the USA Telecom Act, including:

$1.5 billion for the Public Wireless Supply Chain Innovation Fund to spur movement towards open-architecture, software-based wireless technologies, funding innovative, ‘leap-ahead’ technologies in the U.S. mobile broadband market. The fund would be managed by the National Telecommunications and Information Administration (NTIA), with input from the NIST, DHS, and IARPA, among others.

The $500 million CHIPS for America International Technology Security and Innovation Fund will also support activities authorized in the USA Telecommunications Act, through the Fund’s support of international information and communications technology security and semiconductor supply chain activities, including supporting the development and adoption of secure and trusted telecommunications technologies, semiconductors, and other emerging technologies.

原文鏈接:

https://www.democrats.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/USICA%20Summary%205.18.21.pdf

0
0 則留言
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments