白宮評估阿拉斯加會面是“實質性的”

俄羅斯莫斯科喀秋莎農場 仰望七星

編輯上傳 水星

nypost.com

白宮2021年3月22日的新聞簡報透露,阿拉斯加會面“是一次實質性的會議”,“我們期待著與中共國就一系列廣泛的問題進行強硬和直接的會談”。由此推斷,“拜習會”在4月份上演將是大概率事件。 【1】

白宮曾多次透露,是否存在“拜習會面”將取決於對阿拉斯加會面的評估。看了楊、王在阿拉斯加的表演,像文貴先生在第一時間指出的,這是在演戲,是勾兌或正在勾兌中的劇目。

現將昨天白宮新聞簡報【2】涉及中共國部分摘譯,供戰友參考、分析。

問:我能再問一個問題嗎?週末的會議–上週,與中共國–
普薩基:當然。

問:中共國在阿拉斯加的代表團,拜登從那次會面中得到了他想要的東西嗎?他對此有什麼樣的反應?那麼,(這次會面)會把兩國引向哪裡去呢?例如,拜登和習近平現在舉行某種雙邊會晤的可能性是大還是小?你能告訴我們什麼嗎?

普薩基:嗯,我們期待著與中共國就一系列廣泛的問題進行強硬和直接的會談,而事實正是如此。
我知道大家都很關註一些公共表演,或者,你知道,更戲劇化的公開報導,但我可以向你保證,從我們國家安全小組的談話來看,這是一次實質性的會議,這是一個為期兩天的會議。他們涵蓋了一系列問題,從我們對人權侵犯的擔憂、到對香港、台灣的侵略–我們關心的問題、經濟問題–我們對經濟和知識產權的擔憂。當然,我們也會討論我們合作的方式。

所以我們在評估我們現在的狀況,我們現在就在這裡,我希望總統一定會和他的國家安全團隊交談–傑克·沙利文和托尼·布林肯,我們的國務卿和國家安全顧問。在前進的道路上,我們將與盟國和夥伴進行密切磋商,我們將繼續與中共國合作,當然,向前看,這符合美國人民的利益。

但就下一步而言,安克雷奇(Anchorage)是一個特別的會議,我們沒有更多的東西來推斷下一步要做什麼。

問: 今天,美國、歐盟和其他國家宣布對中共國實施新的製裁?
普薩基:是的。

問:關於侵犯人權,在安克雷奇發生的事受到影響到了嗎?換言之,如果滿足某些條件,美國是否會不參與這一進程了?兩者之間有聯繫嗎?

你認為下一步該怎麼辦?中共國對歐盟進行了報復,你認為會對美國報復嗎?如果他們不採取行動改變對這些少數民族的虐待,你還會採取什麼制裁措施?

普薩基:好吧,關於第一個問題,我不知道會有什麼聯繫或者(原)計劃的撤回。顯然,這是對我們認為的嚴重侵犯人權行為的反應–顯然,歐洲人也有這種感覺–針對新疆少數民族和宗教群體的成員,任何會議都不會改變我們對此的擔憂。

正如你所指出的,我們與英國、加拿大和歐洲聯盟一道採取了行動,他們也對與這些暴行有關的侵犯人權者採取了行動。你知道,這表明我們一直致力於多邊合作,促進對人權的尊重,我們繼續嚴重關切中共國在新疆對維吾爾人犯下的反人類罪和種族滅絕罪。

但我沒有任何東西可以預測你(設想的)未來的製裁。顯然,這是上週會面提出的問題,也是幾週前拜登與習近平談話時提出的問題。

問:如果中共國不改變態度,美國會怎麼做?這算是一種一次性制裁嗎?或者在今後的道路上,是否會重新審視這一點,是否有可能實施進一步的製裁?我的意思是,他們(中共國)沒有表示任何改變行為的跡象,事實上,他們幾乎在加倍展示,他們對這些少數群體沒有做錯什麼。

普薩基:嗯,很明顯,制裁是為了阻止罪行,但我不打算裁決或採取任何行動,在這個時候–甚至不到60天,今天是哪一天?第62天?我甚至不確定–對政府(來說)。

我可以向你們保證,很明顯,這是–再說一遍,我們將與世界各地的伙伴和盟國密切協調,評估下一步的合適的步驟,正如國務卿在本次會議後的講話中指出的那樣,我們確信,中共國正在註意到,我們與盟友和夥伴的合作比過去四年更加密切,我們正集中精力採取措施,投資和改善我們在國內的經濟競爭,這些都是我們確信他們能看到的(我們所採取的)措施。

原文部分:

Q:Can I ask a follow-up? The meeting over the weekend — last week, with the Chinese (inaudible)

MS. PSAKI:  Sure.

Q:the Chinese delegation in Alaska.  Did the President get what he wanted out of that meeting?  Does he have any response to what came from it?  And where does it leave the countries now, going forward?  For instance, is the prospect of some sort of bilateral meeting between President Biden and President Xi now more or less likely?  Is there anything you can give us on that?

MS. PSAKI:  Well, we expected tough and direct talks with the PRC on a wide range of issues, and that’s exactly what happened.

And I know there has been a lot of focus on some of the public theatrics or, you know, more dramatic public piece, but I can assure you from talking to our national security team that it was a substantive meeting.  It was a two-day meeting.  They covered a range of issues, from our concerns about human rights abuses; to aggression in Hong Kong, Taiwan — our concerns there; economic — our concerns about economic and intellectual property.  And we also, of course, talk about ways we can work together.

So we’re taking stock of where we are.  This is where we are now.  I expect the President will certainly be talking with his national security team — well, Jake Sullivan and Tony Blinken, our Secretary of State and National Security Advisor who traveled.  And we will have close consultation with allies and partners on the way forward.  We’ll continue to work with China, of course, going forward, where it’s in the interests of the American people.

But in terms of next steps, Anchorage was a standalone meeting, and we don’t have anything more to determine about what’s next.

Q:And today, the U.S., EU, and other countries announced new sanctions on China —

MS. PSAKI:  Yeah.

Q:— with respect to human rights abuses.  Did anything happen — that happened in Anchorage affect that?  In other words, would the U.S. have not participated in that had certain conditions been met?  Is there any link between the two?

And what next steps do you think — China has retaliated against the EU.  Do you expect U.S. retaliation?  And is there any more sanctions that you would do if they don’t act to change course with respect to the treatment of these minority groups?

MS. PSAKI:  Well, on the first question, I’m not aware of any linkage or plans to pull that back.  Obviously, this was a reaction to what we felt were serious human rights abuses — and, obviously, the Europeans felt this as well — against members of Xinjiang’s ethnic and religious minority groups.  And no meeting would change our concerns related to that.

And we took action, as you noted, in unity with the United Kingdom, Canada, and the European Union, who also acted against human rights abusers in connection with these atrocities.  You know, this demonstrates our ongoing commitment to work multilaterally to advance respect for human rights, and we continue to have grave concerns about China’s crimes against humanity and genocide on Uyghurs in Xinjiang.

But I don’t have anything to predict for you on future sanctions.  Obviously, this is an issue that was raised in this meeting last week and was an issue that was raised by the President in his conversation with President Xi just a few weeks ago.

Q:What will the U.S. do, if anything, if China doesn’t change its approach?  Is this, sort of, a one-stop sanction?  Or down the road, will this be revisited and are further sanctions possible?  I mean, they’ve given no indication that they would change approach; in fact, they have more or less doubled down that they’re doing nothing wrong with respect to these minority groups.

MS. PSAKI:  Well, clearly, sanctions are meant to deter behavior, but I’m not going to rule in or rule out any actions when we’re at — not even day 60.  What day are we at?  Sixty-two?  I’m not even sure — of the administration.

I can assure you that, obviously, this is — again, we will be evaluating what the appropriate next steps are in close coordination with our partners and allies around the world.  And as Secretary of State noted in his comments after this meeting, we are certain that the Chinese are noting that we are working much more closely with our allies and partners than had happened over the last four years, that we are focused on taking steps to invest in and improve our economic competition here at home.  Those are all steps we are certain they’re taking note of.

參考鏈接:

【1】https://gnews.org/zh-hans/991643/

【2】https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/press-briefings/2021/03/22/press-briefing-by-press-secretary-jen-psaki-march-22-2021/

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