白宫报告:川普政府的政绩——截至2021年1月(三)

五月花写作组 | 翻译:Tom Cat | 校对:虹陵 | 编辑:jamie(文胤) | 美工、发稿:灭共小宇宙

Part 3 – Massive Deregulation

第三部分:大量撤销管制规定


Ended the regulatory assault on American Businesses and Workers.

结束了对美国企业和工人的监管攻击

  • Instead of 2-for-1, we eliminated 8 old regulations for every 1 new regulation adopted.
  • 相比于2换1,每采用一个新的规定,我们取消了8个旧的规定。
  • Provided the average American household an extra $3,100 every year. 
  • 给普通的美国家庭提供每年额外3100美元.
  • Reduced the direct cost of regulatory compliance by $50 billion, and will reduce costs by an additional $50 billion in FY 2020 alone. 
  • 减少监管合规的直接成本500亿美元,仅在2020年财年(fiscal year)就将额外减少500亿美元。
  • Removed nearly 25,000 pages from the Federal Register – more than any other president. The previous administration added over 16,000 pages. 
  • 从联邦公报删除近2.5万页 – 比其他任何总统都多。上届政府增加了1.6万页。
  • Established the Governors’ Initiative on Regulatory Innovation to reduce outdated regulations at the state, local, and tribal levels. 
  • 建立州长监管创新倡议,减少州,当地和部落层面的过时法规。
  • Signed an executive order to make it easier for businesses to offer retirement plans. 
  • 签署了一项行政命令,让企业更容易提供退休计划。
  • Signed two executive orders to increase transparency in Federal agencies and protect Americans and their small businesses from administrative abuse. 
  • 签署了两项行政命令,以增加联邦机构的透明度,保护美国人和他们的小企业不遭受行政滥用。
  • Modernized the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) for the first time in over 40 years.
  • 40多年来首次实现国家环境政策法(NEPA)的现代化。
  • Reduced approval times for major infrastructure projects from 10 or more years down to 2 years or less. 
  • 将重大基础设施项目的审批时间从10年或以上减少到2年或以下。
  • Helped community banks by signing legislation that rolled back costly provisions of DoddFrank. 
  • 通过签署撤销多德弗兰克法案(DoddFrank)中代价高昂的条款的法案,帮助社区银行。
  • Established the White House Council on Eliminating Regulatory Barriers to Affordable Housing to bring down housing costs.
  • 成立了白宫委员会,消除对保障性住房的监管障碍,以降低住房成本。
  • Removed regulations that threatened the development of a strong and stable internet. 
  • 取消了对强大和稳定的互联网发展有威胁的规定。
  • Eased and simplified restrictions on rocket launches, helping to spur commercial investment in space projects. 
  • 放松和简化对火箭发射的限制,有助于刺激太空项目的商业投资。
  • Published a whole-of-government strategy focused on ensuring American leadership in automated vehicle technology. 
  • 发布了一项全政府战略,重点确保美国在自动汽车技术方面的领导地位。
  • Streamlined energy efficiency regulations for American families and businesses, including preserving affordable lightbulbs, enhancing the utility of showerheads, and enabling greater time savings with dishwashers. 
  • 为美国家庭和企业简化能源效率法规,包括保留可负担的灯泡、提高淋浴头的效用、以及让洗碗机节省更多时间。
  • Removed unnecessary regulations that restrict the seafood industry and impede job creation. 
  • 取消了限制海产品行业和阻碍就业创造的不必要法规。
  • Modernized the Department of Agriculture’s biotechnology regulations to put America in the lead to develop new technologies. 
  • 使农业部的生物技术法规现代化,使美国在开发新技术方面处于领先地位。
  • Took action to suspend regulations that would have slowed our response to COVID-19, including lifting restrictions on manufacturers to more quickly produce ventilators. 
  • 采取行动暂停可能会减缓我们应对COVID-19的规定,包括取消对制造商更快生产呼吸机的限制。

Successfully rolled back burdensome regulatory overreach. 

成功地扭转了繁琐的监管越权。

  • Rescinded the previous administration’s Affirmatively Furthering Fair Housing (AFFH) rule, which would have abolished zoning for single-family housing to build low-income, federally subsidized apartments. 
  • 取消了上届政府的积极促进公平住房(AFFH)规则,该规则将废除为建造低收入联邦补贴公寓而划分的独户住房。
  • Issued a final rule on the Fair Housing Act’s disparate impact standard. 
  • 就公平住房法 (Fair Housing Act)的不同影响标准发布了最终规则。
  • Eliminated the Waters of the United States Rule and replaced it with the Navigable Waters Protection Rule, providing relief and certainty for farmers and property owners. 
  • 取消了美国水域规则,以通航水域保护规则替代,为农民和财产所有者提供了救济和保障性。
  • Repealed the previous administration’s costly fuel economy regulations by finalizing the Safer Affordable Fuel Efficient (SAFE) Vehicles rule, which will make cars more affordable, and lower the price of new vehicles by an estimated $2,200. 
  • 通过最终确定更安全、可负担的燃油效率(安全)车辆规则,废除了上届政府昂贵的燃油经济性法规,该规则将使民众更更容易负担得起汽车,并将新车的价格降低约2200美元。

Americans now have more money in their pockets. 

美国人目前口袋中的更多了。

  • Deregulation had an especially beneficial impact on low-income Americans who pay a much higher share of their incomes for overregulation.
  • 放松管制对低收入的美国人产生了特别有益的影响,过度监管导致的税收占据了这类人群收入的很高比例。
  • Cut red tape in the healthcare industry, providing Americans with more affordable healthcare and saving Americans nearly 10 percent on prescription drugs. 
  • 减少医疗行业的繁文缛节,为美国人提供更负担得起的医疗保健,并为美国人节省近10%的处方药费用。
  • Deregulatory efforts yielded savings to the medical community an estimated $6.6 billion – with a reduction of 42 million hours of regulatory compliance work through 2021. 
  • 解除管制为医学界节省了大约66亿美元,到2021年,减少了4200万小时的合规工作时间。
  • Removed government barriers to personal freedom and consumer choice in healthcare.
  • 消除政府对个人自由和消费者选择医疗保健的障碍。
  • Once fully in effect, 20 major deregulatory actions undertaken by the Trump Administration are expected to save American consumers and businesses over $220 billion per year. 
  • 一旦完全生效,川普政府采取的20项重大放松管制行动,预计每年将为美国消费者和企业节省2200亿美元以上。
  • Signed 16 pieces of deregulatory legislation that will result in a $40 billion increase in annual real incomes.
  • 签署了16项解除管制的立法,将使得国家每年实际收入增加400亿美元。

原文来源:https://www.whitehouse.gov/trump-administration-accomplishments/


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