司法部起诉耶鲁大学在本科招生中存在非法歧视行为

Department of Justice

Office of Public Affairs

司法部

公共事务办公室

FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE Thursday, October 8, 2020

立即发布 2020年10月8日,星期四

Justice Department Sues Yale University for Illegal Discrimination Practices in Undergraduate Admissions

司法部起诉耶鲁大学在本科招生中存在非法歧视行为

Race Discrimination Against Applicants to Yale College Violates Federal Civil Rights Law

耶鲁学院对其申请者的种族歧视违反联邦民权法

The Justice Department today filed suit against Yale University for race and national origin discrimination. The complaint alleges that Yale discriminated against applicants to Yale College on the grounds of race and national origin, and that Yale’s discrimination imposes undue and unlawful penalties on racially-disfavored applicants, including in particular most Asian and White applicants.

司法部今天就耶鲁大学的种族和民族歧视提起诉讼。起诉称,耶鲁大学以种族和民族为由歧视耶鲁大学的申请人,耶鲁大学的歧视行为对受到种族歧视的申请人施加了不适当和非法的处罚,其中大多数是亚裔和白人申请人。

The complaint also alleges that Yale injures applicants and students because Yale’s race discrimination relies upon and reinforces damaging race-based stereotypes, including in particular such stereotypes against Yale’s racially-favored applicants. And, the complaint alleges that Yale engages in racial balancing by, among other things, keeping the annual percentage of African-American admitted applicants to within one percentage point of the previous year’s admitted class as reflected in U.S. Department of Education data. The complaint alleges similar racial balancing about Asian-American applicants.   

起诉还称,耶鲁大学伤害了申请者和学生,因为耶鲁大学的种族歧视基于并强化了有破坏性的种族定型观念,其中特别是那些针对耶鲁大学种族偏好的申请者的刻板印象。而且,起诉称,耶鲁大学进行种族平衡,除其他事项外,据美国教育部数据反映出来,耶鲁大学将每年被录取的非裔美国人申请者的比例与上一年录取率保持在1%以内。起诉书称,对亚裔美国人申请者也存在类似的种族平衡。 

The department’s complaint alleges that Yale’s race and national origin discrimination violate Title VI of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. The lawsuit is the result of a multi-year investigation into allegations of illegal discrimination contained in a complaint filed by Asian American groups concerning Yale’s conduct.   

司法部的起诉称,耶鲁大学的种族和民族歧视违反了1964年《民权法》第六章。该诉讼是多年调查的结果,调查了亚裔美国人对耶鲁大学行为的投诉中提及的非法歧视指控。

“Illegal race discrimination by colleges and universities must end,” said Assistant Attorney General Eric Dreiband for the Civil Rights Division. “This nation’s highest ideals include the notion that we are all equal under the law. For centuries, people from all over the world have learned of this ideal, left their ancestral homes, and come to the United States hoping that this country would live up to its ideals and that they and their families could enjoy equal opportunity and pursue the American dream. Countless Americans have pursued their dreams through higher education, and they continue to do so. All persons who apply for admission to colleges and universities should expect and know that they will be judged by their character, talents, and achievements and not the color of their skin. To do otherwise is to permit our institutions to foster stereotypes, bitterness, and division.” 

“高校的非法种族歧视必须停止,”民权司的助理司法部长Eric Dreiband说,”这个国家的最高理想就包含法律面前人人平等的理念。几个世纪以来,来自世界各地的人们了解到了这一理想,离开家园,来到美国,希望这个国家能够实现其理想,希望他们和他们的家人能够享受平等的机会,并追求美国梦。无数美国人通过接受高等教育来追求自己的梦想,而且他们还在继续这样做。所有申请进入高校的人都应该期望并知道,高校将根据申请者的品格、才能和成绩而并非肤色来判断。如果不这样做,就会让我们的机构滋生成见、怨恨和分裂。”。

As a condition of receiving millions of dollars in taxpayer funding, Yale expressly agrees to comply with Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, a cornerstone civil-rights law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of race, color, or national origin in programs and activities that receive federal financial assistance.  According to the complaint, Yale receives over $600 million annually in federal funds.

作为获得纳税人数百万美元资金的条件之一,耶鲁大学明确同意遵守1964年《民权法》第六章,这是民权法的基石,该法禁止在接受联邦财政援助的项目和活动中存在种族、肤色或民族歧视。 起诉书称,耶鲁大学每年获得超过6亿联邦资金支持。

Title VI provides in part, “No person in the United States shall, on the ground of race, color, or national origin, … be subjected to discrimination under any program … receiving Federal financial assistance.”  The U.S. Supreme Court repeatedly has struck down discriminatory admissions programs in higher education, and required such programs to be narrowly tailored and not unduly to burden innocent applicants in order to survive. Yale’s practices violate the law.

第六章部分规定:”在美国,任何人不得以种族、肤色或国籍为由……在接受联邦财政援助的任何项目中…..受到歧视。” 美国最高法院多次否决高等教育中的歧视性招生计划,并要求这种计划必须是狭义的,不能给无辜的申请者造成过重的负担,以便生存。耶鲁的做法已违反该法律。

The Justice Department found Yale discriminates based on race and national origin in its undergraduate admissions process, and that race is the determinative factor in hundreds of admissions decisions each year. For the great majority of applicants, Asian Americans and Whites have only one-eighth to one-fourth of the likelihood of admission as African American applicants with comparable academic credentials. Yale rejects scores of Asian American and White applicants each year based on their race, whom it otherwise would admit. 

司法部发现,耶鲁大学在本科生录取过程中存在种族和民族歧视,在每年数百个录取决定中,种族是决定性因素。对于绝大多数申请者来说,亚裔美国人和白人的录取率只有学业相当的非裔美国申请者的八分之一到四分之一。耶鲁大学每年都会因种族问题拒绝大量亚裔美国人和白人申请申请者,否则就会录取他们。

Although the Supreme Court has held that colleges receiving federal funds may consider applicants’ race in certain limited circumstances as one of a number of factors, the Department of Justice found Yale’s use of race is anything but limited. Yale uses race at multiple steps of its admissions process resulting in a multiplied effect of race on an applicant’s likelihood of admission. And Yale racially balances its classes.

虽然最高法院认为,领受联邦资金的大学可以在某些限定条件下将申请人的种族作为若干因素之一加以考虑,但司法部发现耶鲁大学使用种族因素毫无限制。耶鲁大学在招生的多个步骤中使用种族因素,导致种族因素对申请人是否被录取产生数倍影响。同时,耶鲁大学对班级进行种族平衡。

Yale refused to agree to the Department of Justice’s demand that Yale refrain from using race or national origin in its current 2020-2021 undergraduate admissions cycle. Yale also failed or refused ever to end its use of race in admissions, and Yale declined even to propose any changes to its pervasive use of race. The department therefore notified Yale that efforts at voluntary compliance had failed and filed suit.

耶鲁大学拒绝接受司法部要求,即要求耶鲁大学在目前2020-2021年本科生录取中限制使用种族或民族出身。耶鲁大学也未能或拒绝停止在招生中使用种族,耶鲁大学甚至拒绝对其普遍使用种族的做法提出任何修改建议。因此,司法部通知耶鲁大学自愿遵守的努力已失败,并提起诉讼。

来源:https://www.justice.gov/opa/pr/justice-department-sues-yale-university-illegal-discrimination-practices-undergraduate

翻译:【文所未闻】  校对:【重生】 编辑:【GM31】

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