川普致众议院议长和参议院议长关于应对抖音威胁的信

Text of a Letter to the Speaker of the House and President of the Senate on Addressing the Threat Posed by TikTok

致众议院议长和参议院议长关于应对抖音威胁的信

  Issued on: August 6, 2020

发布于2020年8月6日

Dear Madam Speaker: (Dear Mr. President:)

亲爱的众议院议长女士:(亲爱的参议院议长先生:)

 Pursuant to the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (50 U.S.C. 1701 et seq.) (IEEPA), the National Emergencies Act (50 U.S.C. 1601 et seq.), and section 301 of title 3, United States Code, I hereby report that I have issued an Executive Order (the “order”) that takes additional steps to deal with the national emergency with respect to the information and communications technology and services supply chain declared in Executive Order 13873 of May 15, 2019 (Securing the Information and Communications Technology and Services Supply Chain).

Specifically, the spread in the United States of mobile applications developed and owned by companies in the People’s Republic of China (China) continues to threaten the national security, foreign policy, and economy of the United States.  At this time, the order takes action to address one mobile application in particular, TikTok.

根据《国际紧急经济权力法》(《美国法典》第50卷第1701号等)、《国家紧急状态法》(《美国法典》第50卷第1601号等)和《美国法典》第3篇第301条,我特此报告,我已发布一个行政命令(“命令”) – 采取额外措施以应对国家紧急情况,这与2019年5月15日第13873号行政命令中宣布的信息和通讯技术及服务供应链有关(以确保信息和通信技术及服务供应链的安全)。

具体来说,中华人民共和国(中国)公司开发和拥有的移动应用程序在美国的传播,继续威胁着美国的国家安全、外交政策和经济。目前,该命令特别针对一款移动应用-“抖音“采取行动。

TikTok, a video-sharing mobile application owned by the Chinese company ByteDance Ltd., automatically captures vast swaths of information from its users.  This data collection threatens to allow the Chinese Communist Party access to Americans’ personal and proprietary information — potentially allowing China to track the locations of Federal employees and contractors, build dossiers of personal information for blackmail, and conduct corporate espionage.  TikTok also reportedly censors content that the Chinese Communist Party deems politically sensitive, such as content concerning protests in Hong Kong and China’s treatment of Uyghurs and other Muslim minorities.  TikTok may also be used for disinformation campaigns that benefit the Chinese Communist Party.

抖音是中国公司“字节跃动”拥有的一个视频共享移动应用程序,它能自动获取用户的大量信息。  这种数据收集让中共能够获得美国人的个人和专有信息–有可能让中国追踪联邦雇员和承包商的位置,建立个人信息档案用于勒索,并进行企业间谍活动。据报道,抖音还对中共认为的政治敏感的内容进行审查,例如有关香港抗议活动和中国对待维吾尔族和其他穆斯林少数民族的内容。抖音还可能被用于对中共有利的虚假宣传活动。

To deal with this threat, the order prohibits, beginning 45 days after the date of this order, to the extent permitted under applicable law, any transaction by any person, or with respect to any property, subject to the jurisdiction of the United States, with ByteDance Ltd. (a.k.a. Zìjié Tiàodòng), Beijing, China, or its subsidiaries, in which any such company has any interest, as identified by the Secretary of Commerce (Secretary).  The Secretary will identify the transactions subject to this prohibition 45 days after the date of the order.

I have delegated to the Secretary the authority to take such actions, including adopting appropriate rules and regulations, and to employ all powers granted to the President by IEEPA as may be necessary to implement the order.  The order also directs all department and agencies to take all appropriate measures within their authority to implement the order.

为应对这一威胁,自该命令发布之日45天起,在适用法律允许的范围内,该命令禁止任何人在美国管辖范围内与中国北京字节跃动有限公司或其附属公司进行任何交易,或与任何财产有关的交易,这由商务部长确定。国务卿将在命令发布45天后确定受此禁令约束的交易。

我已授权国务卿采取必要的行动,包括通过适当的规则和条例,并行使IEEPA授予总统的所有权力,以执行该命令。  该命令还指示所有部门和机构在其职权范围内采取一切适当措施执行该命令。

I am enclosing a copy of the order I have issued.

附上我签发的行政命令的副本

Sincerely,

真诚的,

DONALD J. TRUMP

唐纳德·川普

英文原版全文:https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/text-letter-speaker-house-president-senate-addressing-threat-posed-tiktok/

翻译:【Melody太阳的旋律】 校对:【文所未闻】 编辑:【GM31】

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