《2021年美国创新与竞争法案》涉及中共国部分(3)

俄罗斯莫斯科喀秋莎农场   仰望七星  

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D部分——国土安全和政府事务委员会条例

保护我们的网络和供应链

网络攻击仍然是对我们国家安全最重大的威胁之一——正如最近对殖民地输油管道公司的攻击所表明的那样,它们可能对美国人造成真实的不良后果,无论攻击来自中共国和俄罗斯政府等对手,还是犯罪组织,这些条例都加强了联邦政府的作用和资源,以便更好地准备和应对重大网络事件,包括要求定期进行国家风险评估,建立网络应对和恢复基金,这一部分还包括阻止购买由中共国政府支持的公司生产和销售的无人机的条款,禁止社交媒体应用程序抖音(TikTok)下载到政府设备上,以更好地保护美国人的隐私和安全。

对美国工人和制造商的再承诺

美国纳税人的钱应该用来购买美国制造的产品和材料,支持美国工人和提高美国竞争力。这些规定使“购买美国货”的要求符合现代,以解决长期以来使用中共国或俄罗斯制造的钢材和其他产品削弱美国制造商和美国工人的做法。它们还通过创建一个中央公开网站,提高了豁免购买非美国货要求的透明度。本节还包括一项规定,通过鼓励国内生产更多的个人防护装备,解决我们过度依赖中共国和其他国家的公司提供医疗用品所造成的严重国家安全风险。

保护开创性研究

包括中共国在内的敌对外国政府继续对美国的科研企业构成威胁,并通过各种手段利用科研安全漏洞,让不良行为者窃取美国的科研、技术和知识产权,这项规定将使联邦政府确保纳税人资助的研究不被外国竞争对手盗用,以此提高美国的竞争力。

对人工智能(技术)作为联邦应用的投入

这项规定将有助于利用美国的价值观、创新精神和企业家精神来推进这项技术,从而锁定美国在快速发展的人工智能领域相对于中共国政府的竞争优势。这项规定建立的新伙伴关系将使联邦政府能够利用商业突破来提高效率,更好地为美国人民服务,并加强美国的经济竞争力和国家安全。

为我们的联邦工作人员提供新的技能和机会

美国面临着来自中共国和俄罗斯等外国行为者日益复杂的网络威胁,我们需要一支拥有应对这些威胁的知识、技能和能力的联邦劳动力,这些条款将通过投资于联邦劳动力的未来,来增强美国的竞争力——制定计划,增加联邦在网络安全方面的专业知识和机构间协调,以及为联邦工作人员提供学习新技能的机会,以更好地满足新兴和关键任务的劳动力需求,并保持在全球舞台上的竞争力。

(未完待续)

文字整理:

Division D – Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee Provisions

Securing our Networks and Supply Chains

Cyber-attacks remain one of the most significant threats to our national security – and they can have real-world consequences for Americans, as the recent attack on the Colonial Pipeline showed. Whether an attack is coming from adversaries like the Chinese and Russian governments, or criminal organizations, these provisions strengthen the federal government’s roles and resources to better prepare for and respond to significant cyber incidents, including requiring regular National Risk Assessments and the creation of a Cyber Response and Recovery Fund. This section also includes provisions to block the purchase of drones manufactured and sold by companies backed by the Chinese government, and prohibits the social media app TikTok from being downloaded to government devices to better safeguard the privacy and security of Americans.

Recommitting to American Workers and Manufacturers

American taxpayer dollars should be used to buy American-made manufactured products and

materials, which supports American workers and advances American competitiveness. These provisions modernize Buy American requirements to address the longstanding practice of using Chinese- or Russian-made steel and other products that undercuts American manufacturers and American workers. They also increase transparency when waivers are granted to Buy American requirements by creating a central publicly available website. This section also includes a provision to address the serious national security risk posed by our overreliance on companies in China and other countries for medical supplies by encouraging greater domestic production of personal protective equipment.

Safeguarding Groundbreaking Research

Adversarial foreign governments, including China, continue to pose a threat to the U.S. research enterprise and have used various means to exploit gaps in research security that allow bad actors to steal American research, technology and intellectual property. This provision will boost American competitiveness by ensuring the federal government is securing taxpayer-funded research from misappropriation by foreign competitors.

Investing in Responsible Federal Use of Artificial Intelligence

This provision will help lock in America’s competitive advantage over the Chinese government in the rapidly evolving field of artificial intelligence by leveraging American values, innovation and entrepreneurialism to advance this technology. The new partnerships created by this provision would allow the federal government to harness commercial breakthroughs to improve efficiency, better serve the American people and strengthen American economic competitiveness and national security.

Providing New Skills and Opportunities for Our Federal Workforce

The United States faces increasingly sophisticated cyber threats from foreign actors such as China and Russia, and we need a federal workforce that possesses the knowledge, skills, and competencies to counter those threats. These provisions would strengthen American competitiveness by investing in the future of the federal workforce – establishing programs to grow federal expertise and interagency coordination on cybersecurity, as well as offering opportunities to reskill federal workers to better meet emerging and mission-critical workforce needs and stay competitive on the global stage.

原文链接:

https://www.democrats.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/USICA%20Summary%205.18.21.pdf

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