白宫评估阿拉斯加会面是“实质性的”

俄罗斯莫斯科喀秋莎农场   仰望七星

编辑上传 水星

nypost.com

白宫2021年3月22日的新闻简报透露,阿拉斯加会面“是一次实质性的会议”,“我们期待着与中共国就一系列广泛的问题进行强硬和直接的会谈”。由此推断,“拜习会”在4月份上演将是大概率事件。【1】

白宫曾多次透露,是否存在“拜习会面”将取决于对阿拉斯加会面的评估。看了杨、王在阿拉斯加的表演,像文贵先生在第一时间指出的,这是在演戏,是勾兑或正在勾兑中的剧目。

现将昨天白宫新闻简报【2】涉及中共国部分摘译,供战友参考、分析。

问:我能再问一个问题吗?周末的会议–上周,与中共国–

普萨基:当然。

问:中共国在阿拉斯加的代表团,拜登从那次会面中得到了他想要的东西吗?他对此有什么样的反应?那么,(这次会面)会把两国引向哪里去呢?例如,拜登和习近平现在举行某种双边会晤的可能性是大还是小?你能告诉我们什么吗?

普萨基:嗯,我们期待着与中共国就一系列广泛的问题进行强硬和直接的会谈,而事实正是如此。

我知道大家都很关注一些公共表演,或者,你知道,更戏剧化的公开报道,但我可以向你保证,从我们国家安全小组的谈话来看,这是一次实质性的会议,这是一个为期两天的会议。他们涵盖了一系列问题,从我们对人权侵犯的担忧、到对香港、台湾的侵略–我们关心的问题、经济问题–我们对经济和知识产权的担忧。当然,我们也会讨论我们合作的方式。

所以我们在评估我们现在的状况,我们现在就在这里,我希望总统一定会和他的国家安全团队交谈–杰克·沙利文和托尼·布林肯,我们的国务卿和国家安全顾问。在前进的道路上,我们将与盟国和伙伴进行密切磋商,我们将继续与中共国合作,当然,向前看,这符合美国人民的利益。

但就下一步而言,安克雷奇(Anchorage)是一个特别的会议,我们没有更多的东西来推断下一步要做什么。

问: 今天,美国、欧盟和其他国家宣布对中共国实施新的制裁?

普萨基:是的。

问:关于侵犯人权,在安克雷奇发生的事受到影响到了吗?换言之,如果满足某些条件,美国是否会不参与这一进程了?两者之间有联系吗?

你认为下一步该怎么办?中共国对欧盟进行了报复,你认为会对美国报复吗?如果他们不采取行动改变对这些少数民族的虐待,你还会采取什么制裁措施?

普萨基:好吧,关于第一个问题,我不知道会有什么联系或者(原)计划的撤回。显然,这是对我们认为的严重侵犯人权行为的反应–显然,欧洲人也有这种感觉–针对新疆少数民族和宗教群体的成员,任何会议都不会改变我们对此的担忧。

正如你所指出的,我们与英国、加拿大和欧洲联盟一道采取了行动,他们也对与这些暴行有关的侵犯人权者采取了行动。你知道,这表明我们一直致力于多边合作,促进对人权的尊重,我们继续严重关切中共国在新疆对维吾尔人犯下的反人类罪和种族灭绝罪。

但我没有任何东西可以预测你(设想的)未来的制裁。显然,这是上周会面提出的问题,也是几周前拜登与习近平谈话时提出的问题。

问:如果中共国不改变态度,美国会怎么做?这算是一种一次性制裁吗?或者在今后的道路上,是否会重新审视这一点,是否有可能实施进一步的制裁?我的意思是,他们(中共国)没有表示任何改变行为的迹象,事实上,他们几乎在加倍展示,他们对这些少数群体没有做错什么。

普萨基:嗯,很明显,制裁是为了阻止罪行,但我不打算裁决或采取任何行动,在这个时候–甚至不到60天,今天是哪一天?第62天?我甚至不确定–对政府(来说)。

我可以向你们保证,很明显,这是–再说一遍,我们将与世界各地的伙伴和盟国密切协调,评估下一步的合适的步骤,正如国务卿在本次会议后的讲话中指出的那样,我们确信,中共国正在注意到,我们与盟友和伙伴的合作比过去四年更加密切,我们正集中精力采取措施,投资和改善我们在国内的经济竞争,这些都是我们确信他们能看到的(我们所采取的)措施。

原文部分:

Q:Can I ask a follow-up? The meeting over the weekend — last week, with the Chinese (inaudible)

MS. PSAKI:  Sure.

Q:the Chinese delegation in Alaska.  Did the President get what he wanted out of that meeting?  Does he have any response to what came from it?  And where does it leave the countries now, going forward?  For instance, is the prospect of some sort of bilateral meeting between President Biden and President Xi now more or less likely?  Is there anything you can give us on that?

MS. PSAKI:  Well, we expected tough and direct talks with the PRC on a wide range of issues, and that’s exactly what happened.

And I know there has been a lot of focus on some of the public theatrics or, you know, more dramatic public piece, but I can assure you from talking to our national security team that it was a substantive meeting.  It was a two-day meeting.  They covered a range of issues, from our concerns about human rights abuses; to aggression in Hong Kong, Taiwan — our concerns there; economic — our concerns about economic and intellectual property.  And we also, of course, talk about ways we can work together.

So we’re taking stock of where we are.  This is where we are now.  I expect the President will certainly be talking with his national security team — well, Jake Sullivan and Tony Blinken, our Secretary of State and National Security Advisor who traveled.  And we will have close consultation with allies and partners on the way forward.  We’ll continue to work with China, of course, going forward, where it’s in the interests of the American people.

But in terms of next steps, Anchorage was a standalone meeting, and we don’t have anything more to determine about what’s next.

Q:And today, the U.S., EU, and other countries announced new sanctions on China —

MS. PSAKI:  Yeah.

Q:— with respect to human rights abuses.  Did anything happen — that happened in Anchorage affect that?  In other words, would the U.S. have not participated in that had certain conditions been met?  Is there any link between the two?

And what next steps do you think — China has retaliated against the EU.  Do you expect U.S. retaliation?  And is there any more sanctions that you would do if they don’t act to change course with respect to the treatment of these minority groups?

MS. PSAKI:  Well, on the first question, I’m not aware of any linkage or plans to pull that back.  Obviously, this was a reaction to what we felt were serious human rights abuses — and, obviously, the Europeans felt this as well — against members of Xinjiang’s ethnic and religious minority groups.  And no meeting would change our concerns related to that.

And we took action, as you noted, in unity with the United Kingdom, Canada, and the European Union, who also acted against human rights abusers in connection with these atrocities.  You know, this demonstrates our ongoing commitment to work multilaterally to advance respect for human rights, and we continue to have grave concerns about China’s crimes against humanity and genocide on Uyghurs in Xinjiang.

But I don’t have anything to predict for you on future sanctions.  Obviously, this is an issue that was raised in this meeting last week and was an issue that was raised by the President in his conversation with President Xi just a few weeks ago.

Q:What will the U.S. do, if anything, if China doesn’t change its approach?  Is this, sort of, a one-stop sanction?  Or down the road, will this be revisited and are further sanctions possible?  I mean, they’ve given no indication that they would change approach; in fact, they have more or less doubled down that they’re doing nothing wrong with respect to these minority groups.

MS. PSAKI:  Well, clearly, sanctions are meant to deter behavior, but I’m not going to rule in or rule out any actions when we’re at — not even day 60.  What day are we at?  Sixty-two?  I’m not even sure — of the administration.

I can assure you that, obviously, this is — again, we will be evaluating what the appropriate next steps are in close coordination with our partners and allies around the world.  And as Secretary of State noted in his comments after this meeting, we are certain that the Chinese are noting that we are working much more closely with our allies and partners than had happened over the last four years, that we are focused on taking steps to invest in and improve our economic competition here at home.  Those are all steps we are certain they’re taking note of.

参考链接:

【1】https://gnews.org/zh-hans/991643/

【2】https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefing-room/press-briefings/2021/03/22/press-briefing-by-press-secretary-jen-psaki-march-22-2021/

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