Author: JJM#2446
Editor: 彩虹

Participation in the politics can be important, as it can have impact on your life quality. It is important to form an ideas of your own favorite political system so that you can compare and make a decision to vote the one looks closer to your dreams (as all parties plans are somewhat fit or unfit your choices). This article explores the two wings, political system, and ultimately, guides you to explore your ideal system.

History of the two wings

We have always heard about “left wing” and “right wing” in politics. So you may wondering where did these concepts come from.

These concepts begin with the debate in drafting French constitution. The people who want to preserve more authority for the king gathered to the right, and the revolutionaries, to the left [1] due to the conflict of the views.

Political views and Mitchell’s methods

Generally speaking, the right wings and left wings mean the two different political groups with opposite opinions on power of government, or the if the regulation is strict (right-wing) or loose (left-wing). To divide the political view on how strong the governor is (authority). There can be two sides of liberty and authority. The more authority, the harder the governor can be changed, the less authority, the more liquidity of the governors[2].

Mitchell’s methods divide political groups by archy (recognition of rank) and kratos (the use of government) [3] where:
Left-wing rejects the archy, right-wing supports the archy (the society is ranked).
Libertarian rejects kratos and authority supports it (the power of government)

And based on the preference, Mitchell defined eight political groups:
Radical: anti archy, balanced kratos.
Individualist: anti archy, kratos.
Paleolibertarian: balnced archy, pro kratos.
Paleoconservative: pro archy, pro kratos.
Theoconservative: pro archy, balanced kratos.
Neoconservative: pro archy, anti kratos.
Communitarian: balnced archy, anti kratos.
Progressive: anti archy, anti kratos.
Populist: balanced archy, balanced kratos.

Now, you can find a seat to sit. When you are to choose a governor, you are now probably considering: how strong the governor will be (kratos) and should you live in a society with barrier (archy)?

Two wings’ actual plans in the US

The concepts still look absurd so far, but you can compare some of their avocations to have a feeling about what they are[4]:

Archy: Left wing prefers tax more on rich for unranked society. Right wing supports less tax and interfere, encouraging free competition. (Do you want rules based on rank? Or do you want the same rule for everyone?)
*Relating to tax plans for two parties
Healthcare: Left wing provides health care for everyone, right wing does not care health care. (Do you want universal health care or a variety of choices but not free?)
*Relating to Obama care and its abolish
Immigration: Left wing accepts undocumented immigrants and right wing opposes them. (Do you think these immigrants have good or bad impacts to you?)
*Relating to “build the wall”
Education: Left wings provide cheap public education, right wings prefer paid private school which have more resources.
Abortion: Left wings support and right wings oppose.
*Mother’s rights or baby’s rights.
Gun: Left wings oppose and right wings support.
Environment: Left wings regulate pollution and right wings oppose.
*Relating to quitting Paris agreement.
Governance: Left wings are less strict, and right wings are strict (strict is not convenient but less strict leaves loopholes).
Use of forces: left wings prefer regulations or punishing rules, right wings prefer military.

From above, you can think that in the US, left wings are helping the minorities or the disadvantages by helping them and debuffing the majorities to create a “fair” competition, because they believe the minorities will be crushed by the “big guys” without help. And right wings defines “fair” as equal rules for everyone. And encouraging free competition.

However, these are the general directions. In reality, their actions (like making propositions) can be rejected by the public to prevent being effective, causing them to pull off from their directions. Additionally, the left wing and right wing defined here is not related to the kratos (but from gun control you know the left wings may be still pro kratos, so it is mixed).

Moreover, you find that each wings’ claim cannot be tagged “right” or “wrong”. They are all trying to solve the problem, but they are interpreting their own understands.

Pros and cons for the political “modules”
After discussing the concepts above, you may have some of your own opinion on what your ideal political system is. Now you are probably thinking about if your opinion will form a perfect system? Let’s treat each of your choices as “modules” to your political system:

Pro Archy: archy encourages the free competition, but minority can be crushed and have hard time climbing up.
Anti archy: anti archy makes the society balanced, at the cost of creativity.
Pro kratos: strong government makes the system stable but you are at the risk of having a dictator.
Anti kratos: you can change the governor (votes, for example), but you are at the risk of chaos.
Gun controls:
Pro gun rights: give the chance to limit kratos, but brings instability.
Anti gun rights: brings safety but makes it hard to counter dictator governor.
International free trade:
Support: it attracts support from other countries.
Against: you can get more benefits but attracts less support.

To evaluate the effectiveness of the political systems, you can think up some key factors that can evaluate if the political system is ideal:
Stability: the chance of running into chaotic situations.
Influence: the power to influence other system.
Correction: the power to correct the mistakes.
Efficiency: how efficient the government plan can get things done.
Corruption-resist: the immunity of corruption from inside and outside.

In the US Constitution [5], the US divides its power in article 1,2 and 3 into three parts, which provides strong correction ability but less efficiency. The slogan of “freedom” is so welcomed by people, that people all over the world wants it and other governors are using it as an example. But the convenience brings more risks of being interfered, lowered the defence of the system. So in my opinion, I think the US political system is influential (attractive) and error-tolerance (make right decision) but less efficient (take times to act) and less stable (leaves vulnerabilities because it is a society of trust). Its counter part Communism looks opposite and not perfect too.

Corrupt-bility of the two wings
From history, we see various political systems, and some of them falls into corruptions. So why does this happen? The key might be the “concentration” which causes polarity. With concentrated power, one may abuse its position or caused bigger mistakes due to bigger power.

Right-wing focuses on national power. We see the failure of Axis in WWII and Fascism. They got corrupted due to the concentration of military power. And during the left-wing’s economy redistribution, the corruption can happen as the properties from the rich needs to be distributed via the government. And the governors can get corrupted due to the concentration of the fortunes. The corruption risk always exists this way, but we want to know if there is a solution?

Aiming at the ideal world – brainstorm battle
What is election? You are voting for the politician who can build the political system that is closer to your idea’s, and that is the point why you should form an idea first and then compare and decide. An objective ideal world can benefits the whole society. Looks great but is it a theoretical or actual concept? Is there any ways to break through the barriers of the existing political systems to overcome the flaws of them?

The total ideal political system, from my point of the view, should be stable and attractive, correctable and highly efficient as analyzed above. What is your ideal system?
Is it possible to design a perfect political system?
Is the possible ideal political system at the edge of the charts (extreme) or in the very center?
Which political systems (or which parts of them) do you prefer?
Or can you just simply combining each political system’s strength for perfect political system?
What are the fundamentals to build the house of the ideal political system?
Is it possible to go beyond the existing framework?

Use your imagination, leave your comment below!