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The precondition for hate crime is that there is a crime committed. That crime plus hate is hate crime, and that hate must be hate-motivated to be a hate crime. In North America, for example, due to the recent CCP virus, many Chinese-American elderly people were suddenly attacked and beaten by a young man around them on the street. He had no motive, but generally in Western the prosecutors charged him as a hate crime. He did not robbery, no argument no motive is usually caused by hate, more obviously because of your race, so it is generally considered a hate crime in this category. If the crime is not motivated by hate, it is an ordinary crime. There is also another situation which he was only hate, as we have just said, he may not hate but he is a discrimination, if he is not a crime, he only hates, that is a hate event. In the West, particularly in Canada, sentencing for hate crimes would be worse than ordinary crimes. Robbery, for example, is one to three years jail time, but hate crimes can be two to five years jail time, it’s aggravating the crime. Let’s talk about the history of discrimination against Chinese in Canada.  Everyone should know about it. I often go to Canadian museums when I’m free. They all talked about history. The first Chinese arrived in Canada from 1780 to 1860. Many became miner to join the gold rush, and worked in laundry and restaurants. But the Chinese did not work in logging and manufacturing because that kind of jobs were just for white people. From 1880 to 1885, there were 6500 Chinese worked to construct the Canadian Pacific Railway, many of them were treated unfairly, paid less than white workers and assigned more dangerous jobs. When the railway was completed in 1885, the Canadian government felt that they did not need Chinese workers anymore. They enacted a poll tax to stop more Chinese workers entering Canada. We called that as a systematic discrimination. Only Chinese workers had to pay to enter Canada, it arose to $500 in 1903, at that time the price was enough to buy two houses. From 1923 to 1947, even though the poll tax, Chinese continued to emigrate to Canada. China was in a relative turmoil period, it had war between The Republic of China warlords. To counter Chinese immigration, the Canada government had enacted a series of laws to prevent Chinese entry. It was called the Chinese Exclusion Act. Under this law, the Chinese were unable to bring their families to Canada for 24 years. From 1885 to 1947, the first Canada Prime Minister, John Macdonald, did not allow the Chinese to vote because he believed that the Chinese were different from the Europeans. Until 1947, the Chinese were given the right to vote. After 1947, because the Republic of China was an allied war victory country in World War II, it was also a permanent member of the five Security Council of the United Nations, due to this reason it may end Chinese exclusion in 1947. But there are still laws that prevent Chinese and other groups from immigrating to Canada, which is a systematic discrimination. From 1980s, the situation had improved, many Chinese students came to Canada, but the media accused them to monopolized Canadian universities campus. CTV reported it on television in 1979. His view was racial discriminatory.  The report was highly controversial.  In 2003 the SARS outbreak, all those who came from China or looked like Asians were seemed as viruses. This was like an earlier version of the CCP virus, from 2019 we all knew that CCP virus has led our global Chinese, Even Asian face men have been suffering from it.

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Translator: Startree