俄羅斯莫斯科喀秋莎農場 仰望七星

編輯上傳 水星

pointclickacares.com

“第404節 打擊外國腐敗行為”略譯

第405節 減免有資格獲得《國際發展協會》(IDA)援助國家的債務

(a)政策聲明- 美國的政策是與國際社會協調,為有資格獲得《國際發展協會》(the International Development Association)援助的國家所持有的債務提供債務減免,這些國家遭受了中共病毒疫情的襲擊。

(b)債務減免- 財政部長應與國務卿協商,與國際金融機構和其他雙邊官方債權人進行接觸,以推進有關重組、重新安排或取消有資格獲得《國際發展協會》援助的國家主權債務的政策討論,以應對中共病毒疫情。

(c)報告要求- 不遲於本法案頒布之日後45天,此後每隔90天,直至世界衛生組織確定的中共病毒疫情結束,或直至本法案頒布之日後兩年,以較早者為準,財政部長與國務卿協調,須向(d)款所指明的委員會呈交一份報告,述明 –
(1)與國際金融機構、七國集團(G7)、二十國集團(G20)、巴黎俱樂部成員,以及《國際金融協會》(the Institute of International Finance)協調,採取行動,推進有資格獲得《國際發展協會》援助的國家的債務減免,這些國家遭受了中共病毒疫情的襲擊;
(2)為提供第(1)節所述債務減免而利用的機制和正在考慮的機制;
(3)任何美國政策的影響,這些影響涉及對特定國家債務的減免;
(4)中共國向符合《國際發展協會》援助條件的國家提供的所有貸款的餘額和償還情況,包括 –
(A)提供中共國的“一帶一路倡議”的貸款;
(B)中共國進出口銀行貸款;
(C)國家開發銀行貸款;以及
(D)亞洲基礎設施投資銀行貸款;以及
(5)制定或提議的透明度措施將用於以下活動,這些措施確保通過第(1)款所述債務減免節省的資金 –
(A)應對中共病毒疫情的健康、經濟和社會影響;以及
(B)符合美國的利益和價值觀。

(d)指定委員會 – 本小節規定的委員會是 –
(1)參議院外交關係委員會、撥款委員會和銀行、住房和城市事務委員會;以及
(2)眾議院外交事務委員會、撥款委員會和金融服務委員會。
(本節完)

原文鏈接:

https://www.foreign.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/DAV21598%20-%20Strategic%20Competition%20Act%20of%202021.pdf

文字整理:

SEC. 405. DEBT RELIEF FOR COUNTRIES ELIGIBLE FOR ASSISTANCE FROM THE INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT ASSOCIATION.

(a) POLICY STATEMENT. — It is the policy of the United States to coordinate with the international community to provide debt relief for debt that is held by countries eligible for assistance from the International Development Association that request forbearance to respond to the COVID–19 pandemic.

(b) DEBT RELIEF. — The Secretary of the Treasury, in consultation with the Secretary of State, shall engage with international financial institutions and other bilateral official creditors to advance policy discussions on restructuring, rescheduling, or canceling the sovereign debt of countries eligible for assistance from the International Development Association, as necessary, to respond to the COVID–19 pandemic.

(c) REPORTING REQUIREMENT. — Not later than 45 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter until the end of the COVID–19 pandemic, as determined by the World Health Organization, or until two years after the date of the enactment of this Act, whichever is earlier, the Secretary of the Treasury, in coordination with the Secretary of State, shall submit to the committees specified in subsection (d) a report that describes—

(1) actions that have been taken to advance debt relief for countries eligible for assistance from the International Development Association that request forbearance to respond to the COVID– pandemic in coordination with international financial institutions, the Group of 7 (G7), the Group of 20 (G20), Paris Club members, and the Institute of International Finanace;

(2) mechanisms that have been utilized and mechanisms that are under consideration to provide the debt relief described in paragraph (1);

(3) any United States policy concerns regarding debt relief to specific countries;

(4) the balance and status of repayments on all loans from the People’s Republic of China to countries eligible for assistance from the International Development Association, including—

(A) loans provided as part of the Belt and Road Initiative of the People’s Republic of China;

(B) loans made by the Export-Import Bank of China;

(C) loans made by the China Development Bank; and

(D) loans made by the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank; and

(5) the transparency measures established or proposed to ensure that funds saved through the debt relief described in paragraph (1) will be used for activities—

(A) that respond to the health, economic, and social consequences of the COVID–19 pandemic; and

(B) that are consistent with the interests and values of the United States.

(d) COMMITTEES SPECIFIED. — The committees specified in this subsection are—

(1) the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Appropriations, and the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs of the Senate; and

(2) the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Appropriations, and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives.