俄羅斯莫斯科喀秋莎農場 仰望七星

編輯上傳 水星

eenewspower.com

第403節 中共國政府的補貼清單

(a)報告 -本法案頒布之日後一年內,以及此後每年,國務卿應與美國貿易代表和商務部長協調,在《聯邦公報》(the Federal Register)上公佈一份非保密報告,說明 –
(1)中共國政府對中共國企業提供的補貼;以及
(2)在中共國對外國市場參與者的歧視性待遇,這些歧視性待遇有利於中共國企業。

(b)補貼和歧視性待遇在根據第(a)小節編寫報告時,國務卿應考慮 –
(1)中共國政府頒布或促進的法規和其他政策 –
(A)以犧牲外國市場參與者的利益為代價,歧視在中共國的企業;
(B)保護中央管理的國有企業免受競爭;或
(C)否則抑制市場化競爭;
(2)由中共國政府或中央管理的國有企業,提供或推動的財政補貼,包括優惠貸款條件,違反公認的市場原則,使中共國企業比外國市場參與者獲得實質性利益;以及
(3)符合《烏拉圭回合協定法》(the Uruguay Round Agreements Act)第101(d)(12)節(《美國法典》第19卷第3511(d)(12)節)所述的《次級商品和反補貼措施協定》(the Agreement on Subdies and Countervailing Measures)第1條規定的補貼定義的任何補貼。 ”

(c)諮詢 – 在必要和適當的情況下,國務卿可與商務部長和美國貿易代表協調,與 –
(1)其他聯邦機構,包括獨立機構;
(2)私營部門;以及
(3)具有相關專門知識的民間社會組織。
(本節完)

原文鏈接:

https://www.foreign.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/DAV21598%20-%20Strategic%20Competition%20Act%20of%202021.pdf

文字整理:

SEC. 403. GOVERNMENT OF THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA SUBSIDIES LIST.

(a) REPORT. — Not later than one year after the date of the enactment of this Act, and annually thereafter, the Secretary of State, in coordination with the United States Trade Representative and the Secretary of Commerce, shall publish an unclassified report in the Federal Register that identifies—

(1) subsidies provided by the Government of the PRC to enterprises in the PRC; and

(2) discriminatory treatment favoring enterprises in the PRC over foreign market participants.

(b) SUBSIDIES AND DISCRIMINATORY TREATMENT DESCRIBED. — In compiling the report under subsection (a), the Secretary of State shall consider—

(1) regulatory and other policies enacted or promoted by the Government of the PRC that—

(A) discriminate in favor of enterprises in the PRC at the expense of foreign market participants;

(B) shield centrally administered, state owned enterprises from competition; or

(C) otherwise suppress market-based competition;

(2) financial subsidies, including favorable lending terms, from or promoted by the Government of

the PRC or centrally administered, state-owned enterprises that materially benefit PRC enterprises

over foreign market participants in contravention of generally accepted market principles; and

(3) any subsidy that meets the definition of subsidy under article 1 of the Agreement on Subdies and Countervailing Measures referred to in section 101(d)(12) of the Uruguay Round Agreements Act (19 U.S.C. 3511(d)(12)).’’

(c) CONSULTATION. — The Secretary of State, in coordination with the Secretary of Commerce and the United States Trade Representative, may, as necessary and appropriate, consult with—

(1) other Federal agencies, including independent agencies;

(2) the private sector; and

(3) civil society organizations with relevant expertise.