俄羅斯莫斯科喀秋莎農場 仰望七星

編輯上傳 水星

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要點:美國和歐洲應協調努力,解決中共國政府利用聯合國推動“一帶一路倡議”, 並使之合法化為全球利益的問題。定期報告中共國和伊朗、中共國和俄羅斯之間的合作情況,包括交能源、基礎設施、銀行、金融、經濟、軍事和空間合作的主要領域,以及中共病毒疫情對此類合作影響的評估。

第257節 加強跨大西洋合作,促進私營部門融資

(a)通常情況- 總統應與跨大西洋夥伴合作,以《發展金融公司》(the Development Finance Corporation)、(加拿大芬德夫金融發展機構)(FinDev Canada)、《歐洲發展金融機構》(the European Development Finance Institutions)(DFI聯盟))之間的協議為基礎,加強共同目標的協調,以促進私營部門主導的發展,並提供市場導向的替代品,促進新興市場國家的融資,特別是針對中共國的“一帶一路”倡議,包括整合的努力,例如 –
(1)歐盟連接歐亞戰略(the European Union Strategy on Connecting Europe and Asia);
(2)三海倡議和三海倡議基金(the Three Seas Initiative and Three Seas Initiative Fund);
(3)美國、日本和澳大利亞之間的藍點網絡(the Blue Dot Network);以及
(4)一項歐盟 – 日本倡議,已為基礎設施項目籌集650億美元,並強調透明度的標準。

(b)在聯合國的合作– 美國和歐洲應協調努力,解決中共國政府利用聯合國推動“一帶一路倡議”,並使之合法化為全球利益的問題,包括中共國與聯合國各基金和項目之間關於“一帶一路倡議”實施諒解備忘錄的擴散。

(c)標準- 美國和歐盟應協調和發展一個戰略,以加強與經合組織(the OECD)和巴黎俱樂部(the Paris Club)的跨大西洋合作,確保與發展中國家簽訂“一帶一路”的合同及條款的最高可能的標準。
(本節完)

第258節 中共國和伊朗、中共國和俄羅斯之間合作情況的簡報和報告

(a)合適的國會委員會的定義 – 在本節中,“國會合適委員會”一詞是指-
(1)參議院的情報特別委員會,外交關係委員會,軍事委員會,商業、科學和運輸委員會,能源和自然資源委員會,銀行、住房和城市事務委員會,財政委員會和撥款委員會;以及
(2)眾議院的常設情報特別委員會、外交事務委員會、軍事委員會、能源和商業委員會、金融服務委員會、籌款委員會和撥款委員會。

(b)需要的報告和簡報 –
(1)通常情況- 國家情報總監應在本法頒布之日起180天內,與國務卿、國防部長、商務部長、能源部長、財政部長,以及總監認為合適的其他聯邦機構負責人協調,向國會有關委員會提交報告,向國會有關委員會簡要介紹中共國與伊朗、中共國與俄羅斯的合作情況。
(2)內容 – 根據第(1)款提交的報告應包括下列內容:
(A)確定外交能源、基礎設施、銀行、金融、經濟、軍事和空間合作的主要領域 –
(i)中共國和伊朗之間;以及
(ii)中俄關係。
(B)2019年中共病毒疫情對此類合作影響的評估。
(3)表格 – 根據第(1)款提交的報告應以非保密形式提交,但可包括保密附件。

(c)與盟友和夥伴分享的國會意識 – 國會認為,國家情報總監和其他有關聯邦部門和機構的負責人應酌情與美國的重要盟友和夥伴分享根據(b)小節提交的報告的調查結果。

(本節完)

原文鏈接:

https://www.foreign.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/DAV21598%20-%20Strategic%20Competition%20Act%20of%202021.pdf

文字整理:

SEC. 257. ENHANCING TRANSATLANTIC COOPERATION ON PROMOTING PRIVATE SECTOR FINANCE.

(a) IN GENERAL. — The President should work with transatlantic partners to build on the agreement among the Development Finance Corporation, FinDev Canada, and the European Development Finance Institutions (called the DFI Alliance) to enhance coordination on shared objectives to foster private sector-led development and provide market-based alternatives to state-directed financing in emerging markets, particularly as related to the People’s Republic of China’s Belt and Road Initiative

(BRI), including by integrating efforts such as—

(1) the European Union Strategy on Connecting Europe and Asia;

(2) the Three Seas Initiative and Three Seas Initiative Fund;

(3) the Blue Dot Network among the United States, Japan, and Australia; and

(4) a European Union-Japan initiative that has leveraged $65,000,000,000 for infrastructure projects and emphasizes transparency standards.

(b) COOPERATION AT THE UNITED NATIONS. — The United States and Europe should coordinate efforts to address the Government of China’s use of the United Nations to advance and legitimize BRI as a global good, including the proliferation of memoranda of understanding between the People’s Republic of China and United Nations funds and programs on BRI implementation.

(c) STANDARDS. — The United States and the European Union should coordinate and develop a strategy to enhance transatlantic cooperation with the OECD and the Paris Club on ensuring the highest possible standards for Belt and Road Initiative contracts and terms with developing countries.

SEC. 258. REPORT AND BRIEFING ON COOPERATION BETWEEN CHINA AND IRAN AND BETWEEN

CHINA AND RUSSIA.

(a) APPROPRIATE COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS DEFINED. — In this section, the term ‘‘appropriate committees of Congress’’ means—

(1) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Finance, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and

(2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on Ways and Means, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

(b) REPORT AND BRIEFING REQUIRED. —

(1) IN GENERAL. — Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall, in coordination with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of the Treasury, and such other heads of Federal agencies as the Director considers appropriate, submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report and brief the appropriate committees of Congress on cooperation between China and Iran and between China and Russia.

(2) CONTENTS. — The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:

(A) An identification of major areas of diplomatic energy, infrastructure, banking, financial, economic, military, and space cooperation—

(i) between China and Iran; and

(ii) between China and Russia.

(B) An assessment of the effect of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID–19) pandemic on such cooperation.

(3) FORM. — The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

(c) SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SHARING WITH ALLIES AND PARTNERS. — It is the sense of Congress that the Director of National Intelligence and the heads of other appropriate Federal departments and agencies should share the findings of the report submitted under subsection (b) with important allies and partners of the United States, as appropriate.