俄罗斯莫斯科喀秋莎农场   仰望七星

编辑上传  水星

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要点:美国和欧洲应协调努力,解决中共国政府利用联合国推动“一带一路倡议”, 并使之合法化为全球利益的问题。定期报告中共国和伊朗、中共国和俄罗斯之间的合作情况,包括交能源、基础设施、银行、金融、经济、军事和空间合作的主要领域,以及中共病毒疫情对此类合作影响的评估。

第257节 加强跨大西洋合作,促进私营部门融资

(a)通常情况 – 总统应与跨大西洋伙伴合作,以《发展金融公司》(the Development Finance Corporation)、(加拿大芬德夫金融发展机构)(FinDev Canada)、《欧洲发展金融机构》(the European Development Finance Institutions)(DFI联盟))之间的协议为基础,加强共同目标的协调,以促进私营部门主导的发展,并提供市场导向的替代品,促进新兴市场国家的融资,特别是针对中共国的“一带一路”倡议,包括整合的努力,例如 –
(1)欧盟连接欧亚战略(the European Union Strategy on Connecting Europe and Asia);
(2)三海倡议和三海倡议基金(the Three Seas Initiative and Three Seas Initiative Fund);
(3)美国、日本和澳大利亚之间的蓝点网络(the Blue Dot Network);以及
(4)一项欧盟 – 日本倡议,已为基础设施项目筹集650亿美元,并强调透明度的标准。

(b)在联合国的合作 – 美国和欧洲应协调努力,解决中共国政府利用联合国推动“一带一路倡议”,并使之合法化为全球利益的问题,包括中共国与联合国各基金和项目之间关于“一带一路倡议”实施谅解备忘录的扩散。

(c)标准 – 美国和欧盟应协调和发展一个战略,以加强与经合组织(the OECD)和巴黎俱乐部(the Paris Club)的跨大西洋合作,确保与发展中国家签订“一带一路”的合同及条款的最高可能的标准。
(本节完)

第258节 中共国和伊朗、中共国和俄罗斯之间合作情况的简报和报告

(a)合适的国会委员会的定义 – 在本节中,“国会合适委员会”一词是指-
(1)参议院的情报特别委员会,外交关系委员会,军事委员会,商业、科学和运输委员会,能源和自然资源委员会,银行、住房和城市事务委员会,财政委员会和拨款委员会;以及
(2)众议院的常设情报特别委员会、外交事务委员会、军事委员会、能源和商业委员会、金融服务委员会、筹款委员会和拨款委员会。

(b)需要的报告和简报 –
(1)通常情况 – 国家情报总监应在本法颁布之日起180天内,与国务卿、国防部长、商务部长、能源部长、财政部长,以及总监认为合适的其他联邦机构负责人协调,向国会有关委员会提交报告,向国会有关委员会简要介绍中共国与伊朗、中共国与俄罗斯的合作情况。
(2)内容 – 根据第(1)款提交的报告应包括下列内容:
(A)确定外交能源、基础设施、银行、金融、经济、军事和空间合作的主要领域 –
(i)中共国和伊朗之间;以及
(ii)中俄关系。
(B)2019年中共病毒疫情对此类合作影响的评估。
(3)表格 – 根据第(1)款提交的报告应以非保密形式提交,但可包括保密附件。

(c)与盟友和伙伴分享的国会意识 – 国会认为,国家情报总监和其他有关联邦部门和机构的负责人应酌情与美国的重要盟友和伙伴分享根据(b)小节提交的报告的调查结果。

(本节完)

原文链接:

https://www.foreign.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/DAV21598%20-%20Strategic%20Competition%20Act%20of%202021.pdf

文字整理:

SEC. 257. ENHANCING TRANSATLANTIC COOPERATION ON PROMOTING PRIVATE SECTOR FINANCE.

(a) IN GENERAL. — The President should work with transatlantic partners to build on the agreement among the Development Finance Corporation, FinDev Canada, and the European Development Finance Institutions (called the DFI Alliance) to enhance coordination on shared objectives to foster private sector-led development and provide market-based alternatives to state-directed financing in emerging markets, particularly as related to the People’s Republic of China’s Belt and Road Initiative

(BRI), including by integrating efforts such as—

(1) the European Union Strategy on Connecting Europe and Asia;

(2) the Three Seas Initiative and Three Seas Initiative Fund;

(3) the Blue Dot Network among the United States, Japan, and Australia; and

(4) a European Union-Japan initiative that has leveraged $65,000,000,000 for infrastructure projects and emphasizes transparency standards.

(b) COOPERATION AT THE UNITED NATIONS. — The United States and Europe should coordinate efforts to address the Government of China’s use of the United Nations to advance and legitimize BRI as a global good, including the proliferation of memoranda of understanding between the People’s Republic of China and United Nations funds and programs on BRI implementation.

(c) STANDARDS. — The United States and the European Union should coordinate and develop a strategy to enhance transatlantic cooperation with the OECD and the Paris Club on ensuring the highest possible standards for Belt and Road Initiative contracts and terms with developing countries.

SEC. 258. REPORT AND BRIEFING ON COOPERATION BETWEEN CHINA AND IRAN AND BETWEEN

CHINA AND RUSSIA.

(a) APPROPRIATE COMMITTEES OF CONGRESS DEFINED. — In this section, the term ‘‘appropriate committees of Congress’’ means—

(1) the Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Foreign Relations, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Commerce, Science, and Transportation, the Committee on Energy and Natural Resources, the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs, the Committee on Finance, and the Committee on Appropriations of the Senate; and

(2) the Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence, the Committee on Foreign Affairs, the Committee on Armed Services, the Committee on Energy and Commerce, the Committee on Financial Services, the Committee on Ways and Means, and the Committee on Appropriations of the House of Representatives.

(b) REPORT AND BRIEFING REQUIRED. —

(1) IN GENERAL. — Not later than 180 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, the Director of National Intelligence shall, in coordination with the Secretary of State, the Secretary of Defense, the Secretary of Commerce, the Secretary of Energy, the Secretary of the Treasury, and such other heads of Federal agencies as the Director considers appropriate, submit to the appropriate committees of Congress a report and brief the appropriate committees of Congress on cooperation between China and Iran and between China and Russia.

(2) CONTENTS. — The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall include the following elements:

(A) An identification of major areas of diplomatic energy, infrastructure, banking, financial, economic, military, and space cooperation—

(i) between China and Iran; and

(ii) between China and Russia.

(B) An assessment of the effect of the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID–19) pandemic on such cooperation.

(3) FORM. — The report submitted under paragraph (1) shall be submitted in unclassified form, but may include a classified annex.

(c) SENSE OF CONGRESS ON SHARING WITH ALLIES AND PARTNERS. — It is the sense of Congress that the Director of National Intelligence and the heads of other appropriate Federal departments and agencies should share the findings of the report submitted under subsection (b) with important allies and partners of the United States, as appropriate.