俄羅斯莫斯科喀秋莎農場 仰望七星

編輯上傳 水星

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“標題C——對付中共國的區域戰略”中“第一部分-西半球”的“第248節加強拉丁美洲和加勒比地區經濟競爭力、治理、人權和法治的戰略”、“第249節參與拉丁美洲和加勒比地區和國際組織”略譯,本文摘譯的是第250節。

本節要點:中共國政府擴大了對拉丁美洲和加勒比國家政府的主權貸款,美洲和加勒比國家以自然資源或商品償還或抵押這些貸款,一些國家在償還這些貸款方面面臨著挑戰​​,中共國政府在拉丁美洲和加勒比地區的掠奪性經濟行為和主權放貸行為,對美國在西半球的國家利益產生了負面影響。解決中共國在美洲的主權貸款問題,財政部長和美洲開發銀行美國執行董事應通過美國的發聲、投票權和影響力,推動世界銀行努力幫助各國重組中共國政府主權貸款產生的債務,以實現可持續和可用的債務結構。

第250節 討論中共國在拉美和加勒比地區的主權貸款行為

(a)國會意識 – 國會認為 –
(1)自2005年以來,中共國政府擴大了對拉丁美洲和加勒比國家政府的主權貸款,美洲和加勒比國家以自然資源或商品償還或抵押這些貸款;
(2)一些拉丁美洲和加勒比國家從中共國政府獲得了大量的主權貸款,但在償還這些貸款方面面臨著挑戰​​;
(3)中共國政府在​​拉丁美洲和加勒比地區的掠奪性經濟行為和主權放貸行為,對美國在西半球的國家利益產生了負面影響;
(4)美洲開發銀行是專門為西半球服務的、主要的多邊開發銀行,應發揮重要作用,支持拉丁美洲和加勒比國家實現可持續和可用的債務結構;以及
(5)美洲開發銀行第十次全面增資將加強該銀行幫助拉丁美洲和加勒比國家實現可持續和可用債務結構的能力。

(b)支持普遍增資 – 行長應採取措施,支持美洲開發銀行第十次全面增資,包括推進外交接觸,爭取銀行成員國對銀行第十次全面增資的支持。

(c)第十次增資 -《美洲開發銀行法》(The Inter-American Development Bank Act)(《美國法典》第22 卷第283節,及以下)修訂如下:

”第42節 第十次增資
“(a)授權投票 – 美國銀行行長有權投票贊成在不超過5年期限內,將銀行股本增加800億美元的決議。

“(b)授權認購 —
“(1)概述 – 本行的美國主管可代表美國認購本行股本的1,990,714股額外股份。
“(2)限制 – 美國對銀行股本的任何認購,僅在有關《撥款法案》預先規定的範圍和金額內有效。

“(c)撥款授權的限制 —
“(1)概述 – 為了支付美國根據第(b)小節向銀行增加的認購額,財政部長授權撥款支付24,014,857,191美元。
“(2)資金分配 – 根據第(1)款授權撥付的款額 —
“(A)600,371,430美元應以銀行股份支付;以及
“(B)23,414,485,761美元應用於銀行的可贖回股份。”

(d)解決中共國在美洲的主權貸款問題 – 財政部長和美洲開發銀行美國執行董事應通過美國的發聲、投票權和影響力-
(1)推動世界銀行努力幫助各國重組中共國政府主權貸款產生的債務,以實現可持續和可用的債務結構;以及
(2)制定適當的保障措施、透明度和條件性措施,以保護美洲開發銀行債務脆弱的成員國,這些成員國從該銀行借款,用於重組這些國家持有的中共國雙邊債務,並防止這些國家隨後產生中共國雙邊債務。

(e)簡報 —
(1)實施-不遲於本法頒布之日後90天,此後每隔90天,總統應向參議院外交關係委員會和眾議院金融服務委員會提供一份簡報,詳細說明為執行(b)和(d)小節所作的努力以及(c)小節所作的修正。
(2)不遲於美洲開發銀行第十次一般增資成功完成後180天,此後每180天,為期3年,總統應向參議院外交關係委員會和眾議院金融服務委員會,簡要介紹世界銀行為支持拉丁美洲和加勒比國家努力實現可持續和可用的債務結構所作的努力。
(本節完)

原文鏈接:

https://www.foreign.senate.gov/imo/media/doc/DAV21598%20-%20Strategic%20Competition%20Act%20of%202021.pdf

文字整理:

SEC. 250. ADDRESSING CHINA’S SOVEREIGN LENDING PRACTICES IN LATIN AMERICA AND THE CAR IBBEAN.

(a) SENSE OF CONGRESS. — It is the sense of Congress that—

(1) since 2005, the Government of China has expanded sovereign lending to governments in Latin

America and the Caribbean with loans that are repaid or collateralized with natural resources or commodities;

(2) several countries in Latin American and the Caribbean that have received a significant amount of

sovereign lending from the Government of China face challenges in repaying such loans;

(3) the Government of China’s predatory economic practices and sovereign lending practices in

Latin America and the Caribbean negatively influence United States national interests in the Western

Hemisphere;

(4) the Inter-American Development Bank, the premier multilateral development bank dedicated to

the Western Hemisphere, should play a significant role supporting the countries of Latin America and

the Caribbean in achieving sustainable and serviceable debt structures; and

(5) a tenth general capital increase for the Inter-American Development Bank would strengthen the Bank’s ability to help the countries of Latin America and the Caribbean achieve sustainable and serviceable debt structures.

(b) SUPPORT FOR A GENERAL CAPITAL INCREASE. — The President shall take steps to support a tenth general capital increase for the Inter-American Development Bank, including advancing diplomatic engagement to build support among member countries of the Bank for a tenth general capital increase for the Bank

(c) TENTH CAPITAL INCREASE. — The Inter-American Development Bank Act (22 U.S.C. 283 et seq.) is amended by adding at the end the following:

‘‘SEC. 42. TENTH CAPITAL INCREASE.

‘‘(a) VOTE AUTHORIZED. — The United States Governor of the Bank is authorized to vote in favor of a resolution to increase the capital stock of the Bank by $80,000,000,000 over a period not to exceed 5 years.

‘‘(b) SUBSCRIPTION AUTHORIZED. —

‘‘(1) IN GENERAL. — The United States Governor of the Bank may subscribe on behalf of the United States to 1,990,714 additional shares of the capital stock of the Bank.

‘‘(2) LIMITATION. — Any subscription by the United States to the capital stock of the Bank shall be effective only to such extent and in such amounts as are provided in advance in appropriations Acts.

‘‘(c) LIMITATIONS ON AUTHORIZATION OF APPROPRIATIONS. —

‘‘(1) IN GENERAL. — In order to pay for the increase in the United States subscription to the Bank under subsection (b), there is authorized to be appropriated $24,014,857,191 for payment by the Secretary of the Treasury.

‘‘(2) ALLOCATION OF FUNDS. — Of the amount authorized to be appropriated under paragraph (1)—

‘‘(A) $600,371,430 shall be for paid in shares of the Bank; and

‘‘(B) $23,414,485,761 shall be for callable shares of the Bank.’’.

(d) ADDRESSING CHINA’S SOVEREIGN LENDING IN THE AMERICAS. — The Secretary of the Treasury and the United States Executive Director to the Inter-American Development Bank shall use the voice, vote, and influence of the United States—

(1) to advance efforts by the Bank to help countries restructure debt resulting from sovereign lending by the Government of China in order to achieve sustainable and serviceable debt structures; and

(2) to establish appropriate safeguards and transparency and conditionality measures to protect debt-vulnerable member countries of the Inter-American Development Bank that borrow from the Bank

for the purposes of restructuring Chinese bilateral debt held by such countries and preventing such countries from incurring subsequent Chinese bilateral debt.

(e) BRIEFINGS. —

(1) IMPLEMENTATION. — Not later than 90 days after the date of the enactment of this Act, and every 90 days thereafter, the President shall provide to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives a briefing detailing efforts  to carry out subsection (b) and (d) and the amendment made by subsection (c).

(2) PROGRESS IN ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE AND SERVICEABLE DEBT STRUCTURES. — Not later than 180 days after the successful completion of a tenth general capital increase for the Inter-American

Development Bank, and every 180 days thereafter for a period of 3 years, the President shall provide

to the Committee on Foreign Relations of the Senate and the Committee on Financial Services of the House of Representatives a briefing on efforts by the Bank to support countries in Latin American and

the Caribbean in their efforts to achieve sustainable and serviceable debt structures.