- Author: AriesStar
- Editor: 蚂蚁兄弟
- Proofreader: 阿伯塔
- Picture: Awakener
- Translator: Ranting
After the remnants of the Kuomintang were eliminated, the contradictions of the CCP purge were directed at the dissidents and corrupt cadres within the Party and the “traitorous businessmen” outside the Party. Thus, the “three-anti” and “five-anti” campaigns began with a bang. (Some of the more famous slogans during the campaign include “hit the tiger” and “hit the fly”. Do you readers have a “familiar taste”?)
The “three-anti” are: anti-corruption, anti-waste, and anti-bureaucracy. It was introduced by Mao’s order at the end of 1951. During the campaign, Liu Qingshan and Zhang Zishan, high ranking cadres who had “evidence of corruption”, were executed. According to Bo Yibo’s statistics, the total number of party and government offices above the county level (excluding the military) participating in the “three-anti” was more than 3.83 million, and there were 100,000 verified embezzlers of more than 10 million yuan (old currency).
The CCP pursued this campaign with the implicit fear of failure after the historical peasant rebellion (Li Zicheng) quickly disintegrated after entering the city. At the same time, since the “Yan’an Rectification”, the mass political movement has become a way of political operation of the CCP, Mao intends to rectify the party again and give the party insiders an “awing rod” at the beginning of the founding of the country. The ensuing “five-anti” is different.
The “five-anti” is an expansion of the “three-anti”. The so-called “five drugs”: anti-bribery, anti-tax evasion, anti-jerry-building, anti-theft of state property, anti-theft of national economic information. The “five-anti” was directed at the bourgeois industrialists and businessmen.
Since the campaign was launched, there has been a lot of bad news from all over the world. In Shanghai alone, 876 people committed suicide during the campaign. (Lu Zuofu, the shipping king, and Xian Guangsheng, the founder of Guangsheng Garden, both committed suicide during this movement).
The purpose of this campaign is self-explanatory. At the end of the “Five-Anti Reformation” campaign, the total amount of the “Five Poison Accounts” investigated by the Chinese Communist Party was more than 3 billion yuan. In response, in September 1952, at a meeting of the Secretariat of the Central Committee of the Chinese Communist Party, Mao had said, “They have hung on to the front of the CCP and can’t get away from it.”
And Liu Shaoqi wrote in a letter to Stalin in October of the same year, “Ten years from now, Chinese industry will be more than 90 percent state-owned and less than 10 percent private industry, which in turn will be largely dependent on the state for the supply of raw materials, the acquisition and marketing of their finished products and bank loans, etc., and will be included within the state program, rather than being able to operate independently. At that point we can bring this part of private industry back into state operation without much effort.”
Since the “three anti” and “five anti”, for example, in Tianjin, the first major commercial port in North China, commercial wholesaling was reduced by half, transportation was reduced by 40%, money was tight, market transactions were poor, grain turnover dropped by half, and tax revenue was reduced by 30% to 40%. ……; Chongqing factories and stores shut down, steel, machinery, cigarettes, knitting and other industries production stopped, 20,000 workers lost their jobs; Shanghai unemployed workers increased to 130,000 …… reports of the governments around the Central Government complained of suffering came one after another. Forced to this thunderous movement can only be quickly contracted, hastily ended.
The “Three-Anti and Five-Anti” campaigns paved the way for the CCP’s later so-called socialist planned economic transformation and public-private partnership ……
In 1949, Mao climbed the Tiananmen Tower with members of all democratic parties to announce to the world the founding of the Chinese Communist Party. In those days, the vast majority of people at home and abroad had the highest illusions about the Beijing government. People naively believe that the century of suffering of the Chinese nation has finally come to an end. What no one expected was that the mirage of a democratic China that the CCP described to the world would dissipate in just a few years after its founding.
At the beginning of the country, under Mao’s leadership, the Chinese Communist Party used the movement to kill people, and when a few “awing rod” were used, other democratic parties dared not say anything. He was so arrogant and overjoyed externally that he was involved in a “Korean War” with all the power of the nation.
The new country was founded, a hundred things to be done, should have been a thriving atmosphere of the land of God, scraped a bloody rain. However, this is just the beginning. Mao, who is full of traditional imperial thinking, is only “testing the waters” with his campaign these years, and the Chinese people will be led into the abyss of darkness step by step.