China Coast Guard Is China’s “Second Navy”

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On 1st February, China’s “Coast Guard Law” came into force. This new law allows China Coast Guard to expel so-called “illegal foreign ships” with arms equipped. For example, if foreign vessels refuse the investigation request, then China Coast Guard will be authorized to use force. 

After this new law came in effect, from 1st February to 26th February, China Coast Guard ships had invaded Japan’s territorial sea frequently. The accumulated time they have stayed in Japan’s territorial sea was about six days or 144 hours, twice as many as in January. 

Some critics believe that China’s aggressive behavior is directly linked to the “Coast Guard Law” approved by the National People’s Congress Standing Committee in late January when the new US government began to take charge. Such action may aim at giving more pressure to the new US government., Japan’s prime minister Suga Yoshihide and Japan’s minister of defense Nobuo Kishi who openly criticised that the application of “Coast Guard Law” violates the international law in late February.

According to Jiji Press, China Coast Guard, established in 2013, was originally under the Chinese government’s control.  In 2018, the Coast Guard was then dominated by the Chinese People’s Armed Police Force. Although the China Coast Guard seems to be a law enforcement agency, it has since became “the second navy” of CCP controlled China.

If you look at the vessels of the China Coast Guard, you may able to find many corvettes which come from the People’s Liberation Army (PLA) Navy. The China Coast Guard also has the 12000ton class vessel, which breaks the record in the coast guard ship’s size. 

It is worth mentioning that 12000ton class is even larger than the Arleigh Burke-class destroyer built by the US, which is already heavier than many cruisers. Therefore, it is appropriate to call China Coast Guard “the second navy,” and its existence is clearly a threat to the stability in the Asia-Pacific region.

News reference:

Jiji Press (Japanese)

Kyodo (Chinese)

Radio Free Asia (Chinese)

Wikipedia (Chinese)

Disclaimer: The views expressed here are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect the views of

Author: Gradient Boost

Editor: XO酱

Publisher: Jenny

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