- Editor: 文顺
- Author: 一颗星星
- Translator: Goodgo
According to the history of the Chinese Communist Party:
In 1921, the first congress of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) was held on a small boat on South Lake in Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, and the Chinese Communist Party was founded. Then, in order to implement the democratic revolutionary program and establish a democratic united front, the young CCP sent Li Dazhao, Chen Duxiu to meet Sun Yat-sen and other Kuomintang leaders to discuss the issue of cooperation between the Chinese Communist Party and Kuomintang. Sun Yat-sen decided to implement the alliance with Russia and the CCP, and invited Communists to help reorganize the Kuomintang…
A lot of things happened in these last five years, but they are completely different from the upright (despicable) and righteous (shameless) documented CCP history.
So what is the real history?
After Yuan Shikai betrayed the republic and became the emperor, The Warlord Era began in China. With the thoughts of the New Culture Movement and the outbreak of the May Fourth Movement, Marxism entered China. The success of the Bolshevik revolution in Russia and the active goodwill of the Soviet Union created a surging tide of thought in China. Some Chinese intellectuals began to believe in Marxism, led by Li Dazhao, the director of the library of Peking University (he had a librarian under him named Mao).
Some radical “Marxist” intellectuals organized various study groups, youth groups, etc. The representatives of the Communist International came to China from Russia to help these Chinese Marxists to form the party. In July 1921, the first congress of the Chinese Communist Party was held at the Bowen Girls’ School in Shanghai French Concession. After the venue was crashed by the French Concession inspectors (blind guess: could it be considered an illegal pyramid scheme by the inspectors …), they had no choice but to run away and the last day of the meeting was held in South Lake, Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province.
Sun Yat-sen was in serious trouble. Beset by problems both domestic and foreign, the Western powers only supported the warlords and were not interested in his plans for the international development of China. Russia offered an olive branch to Sun Yat-sen after being rejected by all the warlords. In 1921, Maring, a representative of the Communist International, met with Sun in Guangxi and after a cordial conversation, enthusiastically praised “the Kuomintang as the mainstream of Chinese democracy” and immediately encouraged Communists to join the Kuomintang. In August 1922, the Central Committee of the CCP decided to allow Communists to join the Kuomintang as individuals. Comrade Li Dazhao was the first to join the Kuomintang. Yue Fei, a representative of the Communist International, also had a long correspondence and negotiation with Sun Yat-sen, finally Sun Yat-sen decided on First United Front and reorganized the Kuomintang.
In January 1923, the Communist International instructed the members of the Chinese Communist Party to join the Kuomintang and participate in the bourgeois democratic revolution led by Sun Yat-sen. And Chen Duxiu reluctantly, but inexorably, accepted this order (from Russia). (That is to say, the early members of the CCP were also members of the Kuomintang in that period!)
On January 26 of the same year, Sun Yat-sen and Yue Fei agreed on the “Sun–Joffe Manifesto”, the main points of which were: 1) communism and even the Soviet system cannot in fact be applied to China; 2) the reaffirmation by the Soviet government of the 1920 declaration concerning the renunciation of privileges and interests in China; 3) an understanding on the future management and reconstruction of the Middle East Railway; and 4) the Soviet denial of any imperialist attempts or policies in Outer Mongolia.
Despite his eagerness to seek the help of the Soviets in the negotiations, Sun refused to replace the Three People’s Principles with communism, and the requirements for reorganization made were for communists to join the Kuomintang, not the other way around. Sun did not rely on any Chinese Communist Party support.
At the same time, the CCP set up the “Secretary of the Chinese Labor Union” (the predecessor of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions) to lead the workers’ movement in China and incited the workers to strike more than 100 times in 13 months.
In 1924, the Chinese Kuomintang held its first national congress in Guangzhou, and Mao also attended the congress as a representative of the local organization of the Chinese Kuomintang in Hunan…
In March 1925, Sun Yat-sen died. In July, the Guangzhou National Government was established, and Wang Jingwei was elected as the chairman. At this time, the Kuomintang accepted individual CCP members, hoping that they would accept and obey the leadership and orders of the Kuomintang, but the CCP demanded that its members accept only their own orders, forming a secret group within the Kuomintang.
What the idealistic Sun Yat-sen did not see was the real intention of the Soviets and the CCP, they wanted to graft the young CCP onto the established Kuomintang in an attempt to subvert the Kuomintang from the inside. Soon after Sun’s death, some people “betrayed the revolution and the Party”. Next: 1926~1930: The Kuomintang was busy with the Northern Expedition and unification, the CCP was busy with infiltration and seizing power, and the two parties split