- Editor: 文顺
- Author: 一颗星星
- Translator: 小玉
According to the history of the Chinese Communist Party:
After the KMT held its second National Congress in Guangzhou in January 1926, Chiang Kai-shek seized the leadership of the KMT Central Committee. Then Chiang created the “Zhongshan Warship Incident.” In 1927, CCP members and the Kuomintang leftists frustrated Chiang Kai-shek’s attempt to establish a separate central government in Nanchang. Chiang launched a counter-revolutionary coup in Shanghai, and Wang Jingwei also betrayed the “KMT-Communist cooperation policy.” In 1928, Zhu and Mao met in Jinggang Mountain. The revolutionary masses across the country launched more than 100 armed uprisings in order to resist the white terror and cruel slaughter policies of the Kuomintang reactionaries. In 1929 and 1930, the CCP organized several armed uprisings, established several “base areas”, and established several “Soviet regimes.”
A lot of things have happened in the past five years. Mr. Chiang Kai-shek, who was called the “Thief and Dictator” by the CCP, appeared on the stage. However, what about the real history that is completely different from the record of righteousness (sordid and shameless) and frankness (no sense of shame) in the history of the Chinese Communist Party?
The previous article briefly stated that after the death of Sun Yat-sen in 1923, Wang Jingwei became the chairman of the Guangzhou National Government. (Background introduction: After the death of Sun, the political responsibility fell on Wang Jingwei and Hu Hanmin, who were the left and right leaders of the Kuomintang. Chiang Kai-shek was the president of the Whampoa Military Academy at the time and held the military power. Sun’s trusted aide, Liao Zhongkai, was Party representative. All military orders and regulations must be signed by the Party representatives before they can take effect.)
In August of the same year, Liao Zhongkai was assassinated. About 15 right-wing members of the Kuomintang Executive Committee and the Supervisory Committee held the fourth meeting of the Central Executive Committee on November 23 in Xishan, outside Beijing, calling for the removal of CCP members from the Kuomintang. The Kuomintang leftists in Guangzhou convened the fourth meeting of their own Central Executive Committee on the grounds of insufficient quorum. At this time, the CCP has gradually completed the internal power infiltration of the Kuomintang. CCP members not only won new seats on the inspection committee, but among the nine standing committee members of the executive committee, three were members of CCP and three were supporters of the CCP. Six of the nine ministries of the Kuomintang Central Party Department are controlled by the CCP: the Organization Department, the Propaganda Department, the Workers’ Department, the Farmers’ Department, the Overseas Department and the Youth Department. (Do you readers feel “the same formula, the same taste” here?) Immediately, the Xishan Conference faction (the Kuomintang right wing) established its own party headquarters in Shanghai, marking a partial rupture with the Guangzhou Party that was infiltrated by the CCP.
In 1926, the “Zhongshan Warship Incident” made by Chiang Kai-shek promoted by the CCP was a turning point in the split between Chiang and the “communists” in the Kuomintang. For decades, the Kuomintang and the CCP have always held different opinions on the “Zhongshan Warship Incident”. The CCP insisted that this incident was a “counterrevolutionary incident” created by Chiang Kai-shek. The Kuomintang recorded this incident as a “conspiracy and rebellion” of the CCP, calling it ” Chiang Kai-shek to save the party.” This article does not comment too much on the “Zhongshan Warship Incident”, but only provides two points for readers’ reference:
- The Zhongshan Warship Captain Li Zhilong was a member of the CCP;
- After the Zhongshan Warship incident, the leaders of the Chinese Communist Party Chen Duxiu, Zhang Guotao and others repeatedly apologized.
After the “Zhongshan Warship Incident” occurred, Chiang Kai-shek took a series of restrictive measures against Communists. At that time, these Communists who were parasitic within the Kuomintang must follow the instructions of the Communist International, that is, Comrade Stalin. While Chiang was busy with the “Northern Expedition,” Stalin instructed the Chinese Communist Party to strengthen political work within the Kuomintang and improve military knowledge in order to wait for important positions in the army. (While the political power is infiltrating, the CCP has already focused on the military power of the Kuomintang.) At this time, the Wuhan government (with the victory of the Northern Expedition, the Nationalist government moved to Wuhan in January 1927) had already been under the rule of the Communist International Representative Bao Luoting and the left-wing leader of the Kuomintang Wang Jingwei.
When the “Northern Expedition” achieved continuous victories, Chiang seemed to see through the CCP’s wild ambitions to continuously infiltrate and seize power within the Kuomintang. In April 1927, the “Clean Party” movement began. At the same time, he publicized his friendly relations with Moscow, showing that it was limited to the elimination of local Communists.
The Wuhan National Government, which was completely infiltrated by the CCP, dismissed Chiang Kai-shek from the post of commander-in-chief of the National Revolutionary Army on April 17, 1927, and then Chiang formed the Nanjing National Government with the help of Hu Hanmin. Since then, the rift between the two power centers of the Communist regime in Wuhan and the National Government in Nanjing has become an insurmountable gap.
In June 1927, Stalin sent a telegram calling for Communists in the Wuhan National Government to form an armed force and reorganize the Wuhan government. After the news was learned by Wang Jingwei, Wang finally realized that the true intention of the Communist International was to destroy the National Government and turn the Wuhan regime into a communist puppet. After that, Wang expelled Communists from various positions in the party and government. On August 1, 1927, the Communist Party members launched an uprising in Nanchang under the guise of the Kuomintang Leftists. (The origin of the shameless “August 1st Army Day”.) Wang Jingwei finally decided to purge the Communists.
After the CCP’s conspiracy to infiltrate and seize power within the Kuomintang was discovered, all differences between Wuhan and Nanjing were resolved, Chiang was reappointed as the commander-in-chief of the National Revolutionary Army, and Wang Jingwei also formulated a plan to go abroad. The Wuhan government was dissolved in 1928. In 1929, Chiang Kai-shek ended 13 years of civil strife and unified China.
In those five years, the CCP has been parasitic among the Kuomintang, trying its best to infiltrate and seize power, and make full use of the division and disintegration of the “Right and Left” within the Kuomintang. After the wild ambition was revealed, an armed uprising (Nanchang Uprising) was launched. This is the “five-year” history that you can’t learn and see in China. This is the true history that the Chinese Communist Party has continued to whitewash for more than 100 years and is unwilling to tell the Chinese people.
The next preview: 1931~1935: Five Encirclement and Suppression, “Long March” and Zunyi Conference.