The truths about the Korean War that all Chinese should know

Image from: https://enemymilitaria.com

The Chinese Communist Party (CCP) proclaimed its invasion into North Korea as a just war against American aggressors to help the North Korean people.  Like other Chinese people, I was brainwashed and instilled this kind of misinformation as a child.

Now I have the opportunity to research the different arguments on this topic, I hope that my fellow compatriots can take a good look at the following information that strongly impacts your cognition, and calmly think about it. If you question the authenticity of this information, please also question the authenticity of the information you have been instilled before.

The truth is often not given by others, but by seeking out and finding it yourself.  Once you verify that what I have listed below are facts, and I believe you will, you will wake up and no longer be deceived by the CCP.

1. The CCP abuses prisoners of war

From the winter of 1950 to 1951, 43% of the American soldiers in the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army POW camp died of famine and disease.  Some United Nations prisoners of war believed that “the camps of prisoners of war are located by the Yalu River and it is easy to obtain supplies. The management deliberately reduced food to cause famine. The US “Historical Work of Enemy Forces” pointed out that three US prisoners of war died each day in Bitong, and that there was “No quilt cover at night”.

The U.S. Senate Permanent Investigations Subcommittee held a hearing on the atrocities encountered by U.S. prisoners of war during the Korean War. Lieutenant Colonel Todd, the leader of the US’s War Crimes Investigation Team testified that before the end of November 1953, based on conservative calculations, the number of American prisoners of war who died because of the crimes committed by the People’s Republic of China in the Korean War was 5,639.

U.S. Lieutenant Colonel Abbott testified that, “The military doctor sewed chicken liver into the injured arm of a US prisoner of war, and then sutured the wound, claiming that it would help the wound heal. What he saw was that most prisoners of war were ulcerated and suffered in pain. “

Some Western scholars believe that the People’s Republic of China is “brainwashing prisoners of war”. By 1953, 70% of the 7,190 US prisoners of war criticized the United States for participating in the war, while uncooperative prisoners of war were beaten, forced to run, kneeled in the snow and poured cold water, among .

2. The purpose of the CCP’s entry into North Korea

Mao Zedong’s support for Kim Il Sung in provoking the Korean War had his own purpose: to ask Stalin to help Mao Zedong quickly build a military industry, acquire atomic bomb technology, and quickly become a military power. Mao seized the opportunity to deal with a large number of the former Kuomintang surrendered troops, and deliberately sent them to North Korea as cannon fodder to eliminate future troubles.

3. Attitudes of the CCP’s high-level officials towards the entry into North Korea

From October 2 to October 5, 1950, Mao Zedong hosted an enlarged Politburo meeting for four consecutive days to discuss the situation on the Korean Peninsula and the issue of sending troops to Korea.  Almost all members of the Politburo strongly opposed sending troops, including Liu Shaoqi and Zhu De; later Mao Zedong said that the decision to aid Korea was made by one and a half people, and this half was Zhou Enlai.

Lin Biao strongly opposed this, pointing out that confrontation with the United States will cause huge problems. The United States has absolute control over the air and its artillery superiority is 40 to 1. If China were to intervene, the United States may bomb large Chinese cities and destroy China’s industrial bases.  It may also drop an atomic bomb on China.  In the end, Mao Zedong did not take Lin Biao’s advice and decided to send troops to North Korea, led by Peng Dehuai.

4. The CCP’s attitude towards prisoners of war

On July 10, 1951, the United Nations and the Chinese and North Korean coalition forces began truce negotiations, and everything went smoothly. With the exception of the repatriation of prisoners of war, the United States’ principles are that the prisoners were free to decide whether they returned to their country, while Mao Zedong insisted that the Chinese prisoners all should return to China.

Most of the 20,000 Chinese prisoners of war were former Kuomintang troops, and most of them were unwilling to return to mainland China.  The US military insisted on non-compulsory repatriation mainly for humanitarian and political reasons, but Mao Zedong instructed the negotiators to “not let go of a person.”  Under the command of Zhou Enlai and Li Kenong, representatives of the Communist Party of China took turns every day for an extended period to launch interrogations against each of the volunteers.

However, two-thirds of the Volunteer Army prisoners, a total of 14,235 people, refused to return to the mainland and chose to go to Taiwan.

5. The ending of the prisoners of war who returned to the mainland

Most of the 6,064 prisoners of war who returned to the mainland were subject to political investigation. These prisoners did not expect that they survived the war only to be accused of committing sins. They were subsequently labeled as “traitors to the enemy”, “litong foreign elements”, “traitors”, and “secret agents” and were punished and prosecuted.

6. The number of casualties in the war in North Korea

Liu Jiaju, the former deputy editor-in-chief of the CCP’s “Liberation Army Literature and Art”, disclosed in his “The Korean War I Have Experienced” that Peng Dehuai’s old secretary, Wang Yazhi, said that during the Korean War, the CCP volunteers were wounded, killed, died, disappeared, captured and occupied.  51.5% of the entire population of 1.9 million people fought in North Korea.  (Note: The Chinese Communist Party officially claimed that the number of casualties of the Volunteers was 360,000, while the number of casualties of the United Nations was 2.25 million.)

7. Regarding the real logistics supply situation

Liu Jiaju, former deputy editor-in-chief of the Chinese Communist Party’s “Liberation Army Literature and Art”, said that the fifth battle of the Korean War he experienced started on April 22, 1951 and ended on June 10. The battle lasted 50 days, and there was only one supply of dry food delivered during this time, which means that the army’s food and bullets were all used up for 36 days.  During this period, his food was leaves, firewood materials like old rice kernels and lice. They also robbed the common people and ate the dead bodies of comrades.

8. Reminiscences of veterans of the US military participating in the exhibition

When the 80-year-old American Marine Corps Corporal, Salvatore Scarlato, recalled the battle, he said the CCP’s soldiers came in troops where the soldier at the front was armed with a gun, followed by ten unarmed ones. After the front soldier fell, those behind him would then pick up the weapon and continue to fight.  He also disclosed that “Many of the CCP fighters had drugs on them to be used for courage. Marijuana is (planted) everywhere on the mountains (Korean Peninsula).” He saw many dead Chinese soldiers who were kids who appeared like 15 year olds, some even 6 years old.

9. The truth about the Battle of Changjin Lake

November 25 to December 24, 1950 was the second battle of the CCP’s Volunteers in the Korean War. The Battle of Changjin Lake was one of the two battles in which the CCP kept bluffing that they had surrounded more than one regiment of the US army. The CCP said an entire regiment of the 31st Regiment of the 7th Division of the US Army was annihilated, and the flag of the 31st Regiment was also hung in the CCP Military Museum.

 In fact, during the Battle of Changjin Lake, the 9th Corps of the CCP made a surprise attack on the U.S. and divided and surrounded them, but was unable to annihilate them. Instead, they were killed or injured in large numbers by the U.S. Army. The Ninth Corps had nearly 150,000 troops and laid ambush in advance.  The attack on 20,000 U.S. troops not only made the U.S. troops stand out from the encirclement, and the communist army withdrew, they also killed nearly 90,000 people.

After the fierce battle, the original number of these three battalions that were  “completely wiped out” was 2500, and 1050 returned after the war.

10. No winter clothes

 According to the “Blood Ground and Ice Sky: Records of the Battle of Changjin Lake to Resist US Aid Korea”, during the bloody battle of Changjin Lake, among the 150,000 people of the 9th Corps, the main force of the former East China Field Army, more than 30,000 people were frostbitten, and more than 40,000 people were frozen to death.

Among them, the 20th Army suffered particularly the heaviest loss. At that time, the 9th Corps in the East China Theater rushed to fight in North Korea before it had time to make sufficient preparations.  At the Shenyang Railway Station before entering North Korea, He Jinnian, the deputy commander of the Northeast Military Region who came to check the troops’ preparedness, found that the soldiers of the 20th Army were wearing single leather shoes and wearing a thin layer of cotton winter clothes.  The troops originally had two hours to obtain the necessary cold supplies.  However, under the orders of the Corps, three divisions passed the Yalu River with the train before receiving the cold-proof materials.

According to the “Articles of General Xie Youfa”, the 9th Corps hastily entered the DPRK from the front line in Fujian. When they arrived in Dandong, they were still wearing single-layered clothes. Someone from the Northeast Logistics Department said that if you wear these clothes, you would freeze to death before seeing the enemy. 

However, Peng Dehuai ordered that he must immediately set off and arrive at the designated location. Song Shilun, then deputy commander of the Chinese People’s Volunteer Army, raised the question about clothes. Peng Dehuai said he did not care about this issue.  Before Song Shilun crossed the river, he called Gao Gang and asked to postpone his crossing of the river for two days, but Gao Gang refused this request.  In the end, winter clothes were only distributed to regiment level and above, and soldiers below regiment level only wore single-layer clothes and were barefoot.

According to some sources, Gao Gang hoarded a large amount of clothing at various railway stations for the troops to take and leave.  However, Mao Zedong ordered the 9th Corps Education Bureau train not to stop midway and quickly entered the DPRK. As a result, these soldiers could not change their clothes in time and rushed into the freezing North Korea.

Reference:

  1. During the Korean War, tens of thousands of volunteers froze to death.  Whose fault? ( https://www.ntdtv.com/gb/2014/02/19/a1065221.html)
  2. Secretary Peng Dehuai reveals the inside story of the Korean War, experiencing 36 days without food and bullets (https://www.ntdtv.com/gb/2017/11/18/a1351481.html)
  3. Decryption: The number of Volunteer casualties compared to the United States and South Korea’s United Nations casualties is shocking (http://www.globalview.cn/html/history/info_13807.html)

Author: Submarine 2020

Translation: team 16:one mile

Editor: XO酱

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