Let’s start with the concept of feudalism. There is a big misconception in China that feudalism is negative and anti-feudalism is encouraged. In the Middle Ages of Europe, for example, the King of England had many nobles and hereditary nobles under himself. Each of these nobles had a territory. There are dukes, earls, and marquises as well. Everyone has his own territory. As long they claimed to become courtiers or ministers of the King of England, they would possess their own territory. They have their own army, currency, the rights of ruling the finance and people in the territory. This is called feudalism, which is the enfeoffment of a nation, giving you a territory to build a nation.
When was it feudal in China? Starting from the Xia Dynasty, the Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties were feudal, and the ruler at that time was called the emperor. The emperor alone could not manage such a large country, because at that time the transportation was inconvenient, so the emperor had to engage in enfeoffment. Some of the emperor’s important nobles, each allocated a piece of land for him to manage, and they also had their own army. Meanwhile, they would have to follow the administrative orders of the central government. King Zhou of Wu unified three thousand vassal states that joined forces to overthrow King Shang of Zhou. A vassal state had land, army, and currency, like a small country. This is called feudalism. The most prosperous period of feudalism was in the Western Zhou Dynasty. King Wu of Zhou conquered the mainland of China, and he gave the land to those who have contributed to the dynasty, including the brothers of his family named Ji. Each of them owned a piece of land and became a vassal state. The largest vassal state, Jiang Ziya, who took the greatest credit of founding Zhou Dynasty, possessed the largest area of the land, north of today’s Mount Tai, called Qi state. Zhou Gongdan, brother of the emperor, possessed the second largest area of the land, south of today’s Mount Tai, called Lu state. So the land of Qi Lu is the homeland of the sages. By the Spring and Autumn Period, the emperor of Zhou Dynasty started to lose the power of ruling various vassal states. In the Warring States Period, the emperor of Zhou almost ceased to exist. With the establishment of Qin dynasty in 220 BCE, the emperor unified the country, killed all the nobles of the six states, abolished the system and consolidated a new system of administrative divisions called the system of prefectures and counties, with the establishment of 36 prefectures and counties for appointing local officials. The Han dynasty was the second imperial dynasty of China (202 BC–220 AD). The Han Empire was divided into areas directly controlled by the central government using an innovation inherited from Qin known as commanderies, and a number of semi-autonomous kingdoms, including Liu Bang’ s descendants. These kingdoms gradually lost all vestiges of their independence, particularly following the Rebellion of the Seven Kingdoms during the reign of Wen and Jing. Afterwards, there was no enfeoffment and the Han dynasty was followed by a system of prefectures and counties. The Western Jin was established after Han Dynasty and had its capital at Luoyang. Western Jin reunited China in 280 but fairly shortly thereafter fell into a succession crisis, Sima Yan of the Western Jin conferred titles on several princes and led to the War of the Eight Princes, which brought Western Jin to its knees. From then on, there were no more vassals in Chinese history and feudal nobles no longer existed. The nobles of the Seven Kingdoms during the Warring States period, they used to be the descendants of Shaft yellow emperors, and they were the real remote antiquity nobles. Later, all six states were wiped out by Qin, whose ancestors were also aristocrats that can be traced back to those who worked with Da Yu to control the floods. Afterwards, Liu Bang wiped out the state of Qin, leaving no nobles behind, the real feudalism over the dynasties of Xia, Shang and Zhou ceased to exist. Therefore, the misconception of anti-feudalism raised by the CCP did not have a target because the feudalism disappeared 2500 years ago. What they opposed was not feudalism, but centralized power, tyranny, and evil monarchy.
The ruling classes of all the dynasties ruled people by adopting Confucianism and Legalism simultaneously. On the one hand, they used Confucian enslaving education, and of course, this Confucianism was fake, called Pseudo-Confucianism, which was tampered with to brainwash people. On the other hand, they adopted tyranny that was from Shang Yang Ideology. Today we can see the CCP’s routine, which is the same, has never been changed or innovated. However, the CCP is a collection of all the evils in the history of mankind including the ancient emperors, Marxism, Mao Zedong, Hitler’s Nazism and Mussolini’s Fascism. The essence of the CCP is the combination of Eastern Demon and Western Devil.
To be continued!
Original opinion article by Himalaya G-farm Vancouver – 2020/11/21