Behind the Widespread Poverty in Communist China

 (Suggested reading time: 3.5 min)

On June 11, Liaoning Daily announced 659 provincial-level(sheng: 省) agencies’ consolidation into 65 larger organizations(Cao). Ninety percent of them achieved streamlining. Province-wise, the communist officials expect improved efficiency for ninety percent or more of their public institutions. The updated Bureaucrat-to-Civilians ratio goal was 1:39. Top leadership expected the objective to be met before September (Chai). Meanwhile, Liaoning Province had more than 35,000 public institutions and over 1.1 million surplus state employees. The new directives put 1.1 million livelihood at risk. Towards the end of 2017, the People’s Congress of Liaoning had already denied social security coverage for all surplus state personnel. According to records, China has 1.26 million public institutions with more than 30 million official employees. The reform plan for each province varies. However, tens of millions of these officials would have to find another job. It further tested the resiliency of heavily inflated Communists’ economy.

(Liaoning Province in the map of Communist China, Photo: Wikipedia)

The 2016 public record shows Liaoning with a population of 43.78 million. Based on the prescribed 1:39 ratio, there will be 1.12 million government officials feeding off tax revenues. It would be safe to estimate the number of communist bureaucrats before the reform was more than 2.22 million (1.12 million essential + 1.1 million surplus). It suggested the ratio before the reform to be 1:19.7. In 2005, Ren Yuling claimed that the national bureaucrats-to-civilians rate was 1:26. Ren was a member of the National Committee of People’s Political Counseling Conference and a State Counselor. He once pointed out that these statistics were 306 times higher than the West Han Dynasty and 35 times higher than the Qing Dynasty. (It was 1:7945 for the West Han Dynasty; 1:7464 for the East Han Dynasty; 1:2927 in the Tang Dynasty; 1:2613 in the Yuan Dynasty; 1:2299 in the Ming Dynasty, and 1:911 in the Qing Dynasty.) “Our ratio is higher than ever before; this was very concerning!” Ren said (Zhang).

(The communist committee of a Pingdu City Department gathered to research the ideology of Xi Jinping)
(Picture: The communist committee of a Pingdu City Department gathered to research the ideology of Xi Jinping)

Nonetheless, Professor Zhou Tianyong wrote an article claiming the ratio to be 1:18 (Wang). Zhou served as the deputy director for Research at Central Indoctrination Academy for the Communist Party of China. His data reaffirmed the previous estimates. On the contrary, an official statement from the State Administration of Civil Service claimed the ratio was 1∶194.3. This administration bureau is under the direct leadership of the Organization Department of the CPC Central Committee. Allegedly, China’s rate was far less than some developed nations or other rising developing countries (Wang).

In the United States, the statistic is 1:700. It is 1:720 in European Union; 1:690 in Japan. Among developing countries, Brazil is 1:610. India has 1:520. The African countries have an average of 1:350, while Russia stands at 1:330 (Chai).

At the local level, China categorizes bureaucrats into counties(Xian:县) and townships(Xiang: 乡). There are 2,861 county-level entities within Communist China. Dr. Liu, Yun believes each of them has no less than 1,500 officials, with a total of 4,290,500 them across China (Liu). Liu serves as the graduate mentor at The PLA’s National University of Defense Technology. Furthermore, Communist China has 44,821 township-level administrative organizations covering a population of 1.393 billion.

The communist authority relies on redundancy to maintain check and balance to their power dynamics. As a result, each department retains large numbers of temporary staff. They count on state-owned enterprises to supplement their spending deficit. However, the majority of state-owned businesses have claimed a net loss for years. They survived by the central government’s budget appropriation. The number of civil servants in Communist China might exceed 100 million, including state-owned businesses. 

These state employees enjoy special privileges from the national health care system. In 2013, the National Health and Family Planning Commission launched an educational campaign on the Communist Party’s civic engagement activities. Key officials visited various places to research issues on medical reforms.

 Zhang Rongya was an active participant in this campaign. According to Sina Weibo records, she was a gynecologist and obstetrician at Peking Union Medical College Hospital. On August 26, 2013, Zhang published her suggestions to the National Health and Family Planning Commission on Weibo. She demanded the canceling of exclusive healthcare clinics for retired government cadres. Her proposal triggered heated discussions. As a result, many luxurious hospital rooms came under the spotlights. (Editor: Zhang, Rongyan’s online presence was drastically reduced after her rising to fame in 2018; Photo: Med66)

As a result, many luxurious hospital rooms came under the spotlights. The CPC-owned Xinhua News initiated an investigation. It discovered a retired provincial grade official spent up to 3 million yuan with just one hospital visit. As a former deputy minister of health, Yin, Dakui asserted that 80% of public medical fundings were for the bureaucrats. Yin referred to studies from the Academy of Science to support his claim (80% of Government Medical Investment Serves Bureaucrats). Consequently, People’s Daily refuted the above report with an official statement from the China Academy of Science. The Academy denied any research or studies on relevant topics (Yan). 

(Communist Premier Li passed by Chairman Xi, Jinping during the Delegation Meeting of People’s Congress, Photo: EPA)

The Communist Party of China cares only about its dominance. Click here to find out how the Communist Party contributes to hatred against Chinese Nations in Africa.

【Author】Iris Lin, Ming Wen  【Editor】Dylan King

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【Reference】

Cao, Kun. “辽宁:省直659家事业单位整合为65家.” People’s Daily, 12 June 2018, politics.people.com.cn/n1/2018/0612/c1001-30052742.html. 

(The People’s Daily is a state propaganda organization under direct leadership of the Communist Party of China. )

Chai, Zongsheng. “辽宁裁冗90%后,中国官民比终于被算清楚了 .” Sohu, 14 Aug. 2018, www.sohu.com/a/247069696_305502. 

(SOHU is listed on NASDAQ traded. It has a CPC committee and enforces aggressive censorships under Beijing’s directives.)

Dr. Liu, Yun. “精官简政:中国行政改革躲不过的坎!.” Sina Blog, 2018, blog.sina.com.cn/s/blog_7dab4f110102xh9r.html. 

(The original article has been purged under communists’ censorship. SINA is listed on NASDAQ traded. It has a CPC committee and enforces aggressive censorships under Beijing’s directives.)

The Chinese Academy of Sciences Reports That 80% of Government Medical Investment Serves Bureaucrats.” Global Times, 27 Aug. 2013. 

(Global Times is a state propaganda organization under direct leadership of the Communist Party of China. This is a screen shot of the later withdrawn post)

Wang, An. “中国的税负和官民比.炎黄春秋, www.yhcqw.com/33/8887.html. 

(炎黄春秋 is a progressive magazine ran by members of the Communist Party of China. )

Yuan, Bo. 中科院:“政府投入医疗费80%为干部”报道失实. 28 Aug. 2013, People’s Daily, politics.people.com.cn/n/2013/0828/c1001-22715385.html. 

(The People’s Daily is a state propaganda organization under direct leadership of the Communist Party of China. )

Zhang, Huiling. “1:26,如此官民比堪忧!CCTV Global, 8 Mar. 2005, www.cctv.com/news/china/20050308/100693.shtml. 

(CCTV is a state propaganda media under direct leadership of the Communist Party of China. )

【Photo Credit】

The featured photo came from CGTN, a state propaganda organization under direct leadership of the Communist Party of China. 

Attached is a list of typical “Xian” government structures across China.

1. County People’s Congress and CPPCC Procuratorate Court

1. The Standing Committee of the County People’s Congress

2. County Committee of the Chinese People’s Political Consultative Conference

3. County Intermediate People’s Court

4. County People’s Procuratorate

2. County government commissions and bureaus

5. County People’s Government Office

6. County Development and Reform Commission

7. County Economic Committee

8. County Education Bureau

9. County Science and Technology Bureau

10. County Ethnic and Religious Affairs Bureau

11. County Public Security Bureau

12. County Supervision Bureau

13. County Civil Affairs Bureau

14. County Justice Bureau

15. County Finance Bureau

16. County Personnel Bureau

17. County Labor and Social Security Bureau

18. County Land and Resources Bureau

19. County Planning Bureau

20. County Construction Bureau

21. County Municipal Management Committee

22. County Transportation Bureau

23. County Grain Bureau

24. County Bureau of Commerce

25. County Cultural Bureau

26. County Health Bureau

27. County Population and Family Planning Commission

28. County Audit Bureau

29. County State-owned Assets Supervision and Administration Commission

30. County Local Taxation Bureau

31. County State Taxation Bureau

32. County Administration for Industry and Commerce

33. County Quality and Technical Supervision Bureau

34. County Environmental Protection Bureau

35. County Water Resources Bureau

36. County Industry Promotion Bureau

37. County Agriculture Bureau

38. County Radio and Television Bureau

39. County Press and Publication Bureau

40. County Cultural Relics Bureau

41. County Sports Bureau

42. County Statistics Bureau

43. County Price Bureau

44. County Food and Drug Administration

45. County Safety Production Supervision Administration

46. ​​Legal Affairs Office of County People’s Government

47. County Letters and Calls Bureau

48. Research Office of County People’s Government

49. County Civil Air Defense Office

50. County Forestry Bureau

51. County Information Industry Bureau

52. County Committee on Aging

53. County Administrative Service Center

54. County Investment Promotion Bureau

55. County Real Estate Administration

56. County Foreign Affairs and Overseas Chinese Affairs Tourism Bureau

57. County Fisheries Bureau

58. County Intellectual Property Office

3. County Party Committee, Ministries and Bureaus

59. County Commission for Discipline Inspection and Supervision

60. County Party Committee Organization Department

61. County Party Committee Propaganda Department

62. County Party Committee Political and Law Committee

63. County Party Committee Political Research Office

64. County Party Committee Taiwan Work Office

65. County Spiritual Civilization Construction Committee Office

66. County State Secrecy Bureau

67. County Party Committee United Front Work Department

68. County Party School

4. Other commissions and bureaus of the county government

69. County Earthquake Administration

70. County Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine

71. County Road Administration Bureau

72. County and Township Enterprise Bureau

73. County Transportation Administration

74. County Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau

75. County Administration of Reeducation through Labor

76. Public Security Transportation Administration of County Public Security Bureau

77. Comprehensive Administrative Law Enforcement Bureau of County Management

78. County Veterans Bureau

79. County Government Procurement Office

80. County Prison Administration

81. County Government Information Office (External Propaganda Office)

82. Counselor’s Office of County People’s Government

83. County Archives (Hall)

84. County Copyright Bureau

85. County Bureau of Geology and Mineral Exploration and Development

86. County Organization Establishment Committee

87. County Government Port Office

88. County Agricultural Machinery Administration

89. County Public Security Fire Bureau

90. County Administration Bureau

5. People’s Organization (Civil Servant Establishment)

91. County Women’s Federation

92. China Council for the Promotion of International Trade Branch

93. County Disabled Persons’ Federation

94. County Overseas Friendship Association

95. County Returned Overseas Chinese Association

96. County Association for Science and Technology

97. Communist Youth League Municipal Committee

98. County Federation of Trade Unions

99. County Photographers Association

101. County Patriotic Health Campaign Committee

102. County Federation of Literary and Art Circles

103. County Federation of Industry and Commerce

104. County People’s Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries

105. County Volunteer Association

6. County public institutions (financial expenditures)

106. County Local Chronicles Editorial Committee Office

107. County Poverty Alleviation and Development Office

108. County Party Committee and County Government Reception Office

109. County Wall Material Innovation Office

110. County Housing Provident Fund Management Center

111. County Bidding Center

112. County Economic Information Center

113. County Investment Management Center

114. County Construction Project Cost Management Station

115. County Telecom Branch

116. County Mobile Branch

117. County Unicom Branch

118. County Tietong Branch

119. County Power Supply Company

120. County Post Office

121. County State-owned Assets Administration

122. County Meteorological Bureau

123. County Hydrology and Water Resources Survey Bureau

124. County Communications Administration

125. County Investment Promotion Bureau

126. County Public Institution Registration Administration

127. County Medical Insurance Bureau

128. County Radio Administration

129. County Institute of Science and Technology

130. County Survey and Design Institute

131. County Talent Market

132. County Library

133. County Highway General Section

134. County Central Blood Station

135. County Center for Disease Control and Prevention

136. County People’s Hospital

137. County Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine

138. County Maternal and Child Health Hospital

139. County Senior High School

140. County High-tech Development Management Committee

7. Other County Offices

141. County Teaching Equipment Supply (Management) Station (Office)

142. County Medical and Health Supplies Supply Management Office (Center)

143. County Procurement Office

144. County Office Affairs Administration

145. County Taiwan Affairs Office

146. County Investment Promotion Bureau

147. County Post (Communication) Administration

148. County Supervision Office

149. County Sports Bureau

150. County Sports Commission

151. County General Classroom

152. County Editors

153. County History Research Office

154. County Vocational Education Center (office)

155. County Moral Education Office

156. County Uninsured Office

157. County Audio-visual Education Center

158. The County Recruitment Office

159. County Recruitment Office

160. County High Admissions Office

161. County Self-Examination Office

162. County Lightning Protection Office

163. County Landscape Bureau

164. County Federation of Literary and Art Circles

165. County Retirement Office

166. County Women’s Federation

167. County Disabled Persons’ Federation

168. County Spiritual Civilization Office

169. County Demolition Office

170. County People’s Committee

171. County Federation of Industry and Commerce

172. County Communist Youth League Committee

173. County Civil Revolution

174. County Agricultural and Industrial Party Committee

175. County League

176. County Zhigong Party Committee

177. County Civil Construction

178. County Association for Promoting Democracy

179. County Fisheries Bureau

180. County Animal Husbandry Bureau

181. County Water Resources Bureau

182. County Hydropower Administration

183. County Science and Technology Bureau

184. County Science and Technology Commission

185. County Foreign Service Center

186. County International Exchange Center

187. County Educational Science Institute

188. County Adult Education Office~

189. County Transportation Bureau

190. County Road Administration Center

191. County Transportation Bureau

192. County Agriculture Bureau

193. County Agriculture and Forestry Bureau

194. County Vehicle Administration

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灭共52165 新中国联邦

ccp must go to hell

0

DylanK

A Junior Editor on the South. I spent two years in Beijing as an exchange student. Weaponized nationalism in Communist China is the root cause of their systemic racism. #ExorciseCommunism ! Stay updated @DylanK_357 (view is my own) Oct. 24