- Author: AriesStar
- Picture: Awakener
- Translator: Ranting
After the 20th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, the 8th Congress of the CCP was held in Beijing in September of the same year. One of the most important motions of this conference is to amend the party constitution, “Mao Zedong Thought” was crossed out of the party constitution …… after this cross, Mao can be no different from other party members.
How could Mao, who had always been a “strategist”, stand by and watch himself being driven off the “altar” and ending the “road to dictatorship”? As early as after the 12th Congress of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Mao began his plan.
Mao was prepared to make use of the senior intellectuals scattered in the small “democratic parties” at that time to help him rectify the Party and “cleanse the king’s side”. In May 1957, Mao himself chaired a series of “Rectification Symposiums” in Beijing, in which Mao called on “democrats” from various small parties to “let a hundred flowers bloom and a hundred schools of thought contend” and boldly criticize the CCP and the People’s Government. He also proposed that “those who speak are not guilty, and those who hear are warned”, and the indicators proposed were: criticism of subjectivism, bureaucracy and sectarianism.
Mao was at the peak of his popularity, and he felt that the “three doctrines” had nothing to do with him, and that he would not be the target of attack. The critics only need to criticize Liu Shaoqi, Zhou Enlai and others, he also took the opportunity to “rectify the wind” in the party, to those who want to party democracy “to sound the alarm”.
Who knew he was wrong in his estimation! After the introduction of the “iron voucher”, those high intellectuals and “scholars” who had been frightened into silence by the “killing stick” and who had long been indifferent to the CCP’s “Party world” were fervently pointing their fingers at the CCP in a feverish manner. The party, whose reputation is higher than the sky, became a target overnight.
In a series of rectification seminars, the first to severely criticize the CCP were Zhang Bojun and Luo Longji, the chairmen and vice-chairmen of the Democratic League. Immediately afterwards, Li Jishen, Huang Shaohong, Long Yun of the Revolutionary Committee of the Kuomintang, and the influential editor-in-chief of New Observer, Chu Pingan, successively criticized the “party world”, the “positions without power” of small parties, and the “outsiders leading insiders” were criticized sharply. Zhang Bojun even called for the establishment of a “Political Research Institute” to study institutional reform and demand that the CCP open up its regime. These celebrities in Beijing “raised their arms” and the whole country responded.
The CCP was dumbfounded, “Fuck, you petty-bourgeois intellectuals want to rebel? You deserve no such attention!” Chairman Mao, the great leader, was furious, and he published all the “complaints” of these high intellectuals word for word in the People’s Daily. Then he brought in Comrade Xiaoping, “Let’s have a campaign to shut them up.” Deng Xiaoping got the order, in June 1956, these thousands of “ostentatiously unconscious” big mouth have been arrested in prison …
“Chairman, didn’t you say ‘those who speak are not guilty, those who hear are warned’? How come you have started ‘word prison’ to arrest people?” It is rumored that Mao once said to Comrade Xiaoping himself, “This is not a ‘conspiracy’ but an ‘overt scheme’. The purpose of the Party in launching the ‘Hundred Flowers Campaign’ is to ‘lure snakes out of their holes’, to trick these poisonous snakes and poisonous plants out and eradicate them …”
Under Mao’s “overt scheme,” the “Hundred Flowers Campaign” directly became the “Anti-Rightist Campaign”. What is even more mind-boggling is that under Mao’s subjective assumptions, he thought the number of “rightists” in all organs, schools and units in the country should be about 5%. Each unit should be able to uncover “rightists” based on this ratio. At the order of the Chairman, Comrade Xiaoping struck quickly, and millions of “rightists” were jailed throughout the country. Writing a review, “squatting in a cattle shed”, deportation to labor camps … millions of people’s families broken …